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OBJECTIVE This longitudinal, descriptive study described the level of depressive symptoms in mothers of preterm infants from birth through 27 months corrected age and examined factors associated with depressive symptoms. The framework for the study was guided by an ecological developmental systems perspective and an adaptation of the Preterm Parental(More)
This study examined the effects of exercise-induced muscle damage on tremor and proprioception components of neuromuscular function. Six male and six female volunteers (aged 18-30 yr) performed 50 maximal eccentric muscle actions using the forearm flexors of the nondominant arm. Forearm flexor tremor and perception of voluntary force and joint position were(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the processes involved in and the patterns of disclosure of their HIV diagnosis reported by African American women. DESIGN Qualitative descriptive. SETTING Southeastern United States; nurse visits in the homes of the participants. PARTICIPANTS Forty-eight African American women who were HIV-positive and were primary caretakers of(More)
Many aspects of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are stressful to parents, including prolonged hospitalization, alterations in parenting, exposure to a technical environment, and the appearance of their small, fragile infant. To identify potential NICU stressors for parents, levels of stress these experiences engender, and their relationship to(More)
The purpose of this article is to let mothers tell the stories of their neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experiences and to determine how well these experiences fit the Preterm Parental Distress Model. Interviews were conducted with 31 mothers when their infants were six months of age corrected for prematurity and were analyzed using the conceptual model(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a serious health problem for low-income African American women in their childbearing years. Interventions that help them cope with feelings about having HIV and increase their understanding of HIV as a chronic disease in which self-care practices, regular health visits, and medications can(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine inter-relationships among stress due to infant appearance and behavior in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), parental role alteration stress in the NICU, depressive symptoms, state anxiety, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and daily hassles exhibited by African-American mothers of preterm infants and to determine whether there were(More)
The purpose of this article is to describe maternal perceptions about hospital-related stressors, worry about the infant's health, and support from the health care team in mothers of medically fragile infants. A second purpose was to explore possible differences between Black and White mothers on these same variables. Participants were 31 Black and 38 White(More)
PURPOSE To estimate the prevalence of 10 recurrent physical symptoms and to examine how prevalence differs by gender and age in healthy American adolescents. METHOD Cross-sectional analysis used survey data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), a school-based probability sample of over 20,000 adolescents in grades 7(More)
Over the past two decades, awareness of the importance of social support for individuals faced with a major life transition or a stressful event has increased. The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptions of mothers and fathers of critically ill infants about the helpfulness of support provided to them by family, health care professionals, and(More)