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The prostanoid-synthesizing enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is expressed in selected cerebral cortical neurons and is involved in synaptic signaling. We sought to determine whether COX-2 participates in the increase in cerebral blood flow produced by synaptic activity in the somatosensory cortex. In anesthetized mice, the vibrissae were stimulated(More)
Classical lissencephaly (LIS) is a neuronal migration disorder resulting in brain malformation, epilepsy and mental retardation. Deletions or mutations of LIS1 on 17p13.3 and mutations in XLIS ( DCX ) on Xq22.3-q23 produce LIS. Direct DNA sequencing of LIS1 and XLIS was performed in 25 children with sporadic LIS and no deletion of LIS1 by fluorescence in(More)
Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), an enzyme that produces toxic amounts of nitric oxide, is expressed in a number of brain pathologies, including cerebral ischemia. We used mice with a null mutation of the iNOS gene to study the role of iNOS in ischemic brain damage. Focal cerebral ischemia was produced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery(More)
Detailed classification of brain malformations such as lissencephaly has led to the positional cloning of genes required for normal neuronal migration and the identification of unique molecular pathways governing brain structure. While classical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patterns of lissencephaly involve primarily the cerebral cortex, malformations(More)
Formation of brain requires deftly balancing primary genesis of neurons and glia, detection of when sufficient cells of each type have been produced, shutdown of proliferation and removal of excess cells. The region and cell type-specific expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins, such as demonstrated for cyclin D2, may contribute to these processes. If(More)
Among CNS neuronal populations, the cerebellar granule cell provides a simple model for analysing the molecular regulation of CNS neurogenesis. In this study, polyclonal antisera raised against immature granule cell precursors, purified from early postnatal mouse cerebellum, were used to isolate 39 unique cDNA clones from a lambda gt11 cDNA expression(More)
The task of selecting the electroacoustic characteristics of hearing aids for young hearing-impaired children continues to challenge many clinical audiologists. The rationale for a theoretically based approach to this problem is presented. Additionally, issues related to the choice of an idealized speech spectrum for a theoretical selection model are(More)
Recently there has been a surge of interest in making computer science education attractive to potential students, motivating to current students, and relevant to graduating students. We are exploring a new pedagogical approach called studio-based learning as a means to reinvigorate computer science education. Adapted from architectural education, this(More)