Learn More
Audio-based cough detection has become more pervasive in recent years because of its utility in evaluating treatments and the potential to impact the quality of life for individuals with chronic cough. We critically examine the current state of the art in cough detection, concluding that existing approaches expose private audio recordings of users and(More)
Through early detection, newborn screening (NBS)(1) for cystic fibrosis (CF) offers the opportunity for early intervention and improved outcomes. NBS programs screen for hypertrypsinogenemia, and most also identify mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Individuals identified by NBS are diagnosed with CF if they have an(More)
Sorafenib is an inhibitor of multiple kinases that has demonstrated antiproliferative and antiangiogenic activity in a number of in vitro and in vivo model systems. A phase I study was conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of sorafenib in patients with recurrent malignant glioma. Sorafenib was given orally, twice a day (BID), continuously(More)
Home spirometry is gaining acceptance in the medical community because of its ability to detect pulmonary exacerbations and improve outcomes of chronic lung ailments. However, cost and usability are significant barriers to its widespread adoption. To this end, we present SpiroSmart, a low-cost mobile phone application that performs spirometry sensing using(More)
RATIONALE Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is an autosomal recessive, genetically heterogeneous disorder characterised by oto-sino-pulmonary disease and situs abnormalities (Kartagener syndrome) due to abnormal structure and/or function of cilia. Most patients currently recognised to have PCD have ultrastructural defects of cilia; however, some patients(More)
The motive forces for ciliary movement are generated by large multiprotein complexes referred to as outer dynein arms (ODAs), which are preassembled in the cytoplasm prior to transport to the ciliary axonemal compartment. In humans, defects in structural components, docking complexes, or cytoplasmic assembly factors can cause primary ciliary dyskinesia(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of ibuprofen-sensitive asthma in school-aged children with mild or moderate persistent asthma. STUDY DESIGN A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover bronchoprovocation challenge study in children 6 to 18 years of age with mild or moderate persistent asthma. Patients received a single dose of ibuprofen(More)
Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis offers the opportunity for early intervention and improved outcomes. This summary, resulting from a workshop sponsored by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation to facilitate implementation of widespread high quality cystic fibrosis newborn screening, outlines the steps necessary for success based on the experience of existing(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) is the most important pathogen infecting the airways in individuals with cystic fibrosis. A key question is whether children with newly acquired Pa infection who are able to achieve sustained eradication after early antipseudomonal therapy demonstrate improved long-term health outcomes compared with those who are(More)