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A single intravascular injection of a cyclic peptide or monoclonal antibody antagonist of integrin alpha v beta 3 disrupts ongoing angiogenesis on the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). This leads to the rapid regression of histologically distinct human tumors transplanted onto the CAM. Induction of angiogenesis by a tumor or cytokine promotes vascular(More)
Human umbilical vein endothelial cell attachment, spreading and migration on collagen and vitronectin are mediated by integrins alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha v beta 3, respectively, and these events take place in the absence of cytokines, growth factors, or chemoattractants. Cell attachment and spreading on these ligands occur in the absence of extracellular(More)
We conducted a registry-based study to determine prognostic indicators of 8-year mortality and morbidity in young children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Patients ages 1-5 years from the 1990 U.S. Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (CFF) National Patient Registry served as the study cohort (N = 3,323). Registry data provided information on baseline characteristics in(More)
We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, randomized trial to test the hypothesis that 300 mg of tobramycin solution for inhalation administered twice daily for 28 days would be safe and result in a profound decrease in Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) density from the lower airway of young children with cystic fibrosis. Ninety-eight subjects(More)
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a genetically heterogeneous, autosomal-recessive disorder, characterized by oto-sino-pulmonary disease and situs abnormalities. PCD-causing mutations have been identified in 14 genes, but they collectively account for only ~60% of all PCD. To identify mutations that cause PCD, we performed exome sequencing on six(More)
Home spirometry is gaining acceptance in the medical community because of its ability to detect pulmonary exacerbations and improve outcomes of chronic lung ailments. However, cost and usability are significant barriers to its widespread adoption. To this end, we present SpiroSmart, a low-cost mobile phone application that performs spirometry sensing using(More)
OBJECTIVE Respiratory tract exacerbation rate (RTE-R) is a key clinical efficacy end point in cystic fibrosis (CF) trials. Chest CT scanning holds great potential as a surrogate end point. Evidence supporting the ability of CT scan scores to predict RTE-R is an important step in validating CT scanning as a surrogate end point. The objective of this study(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate age-specific trends in survival among US patients with cystic fibrosis between 1985 and 1999 and to assess whether survival in female patients with cystic fibrosis has improved relative to survival in male patients. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective cohort study of 31,012 subjects in the US Cystic Fibrosis Foundation National Patient(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW With the improving survival of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, the clinical spectrum of this complex multisystem disease continues to evolve. Epidemiologic studies have provided important insight into the disease course, prognosis, and complications. This review summarizes recent advances in our understanding of predictors of survival and(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF). Longitudinal assessment of the phenotypic changes in P. aeruginosa isolated from young children with CF is lacking. This study investigated genotypic and phenotypic changes in P. aeruginosa from oropharynx (OP) and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(More)