Margaret R. Diffenderfer

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Nine hypercholesterolemic and hypertriglyceridemic subjects were enrolled in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study to test the effect of atorvastatin 20 mg/day and 80 mg/day on the kinetics of apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100) in triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TRL), intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL), and LDL, of apoB-48 in TRL,(More)
OBJECTIVE Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibition with torcetrapib not only increases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels but also significantly reduces plasma triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B (apoB) levels. The goal of the present study was to define the kinetic mechanism(s) by which CETP(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Decreased size and increased density of LDL have been associated with increased coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Elevated plasma concentrations of small dense LDL (sdLDL) correlate with high plasma triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol levels. This review highlights recent findings about the metabolism and composition of LDL(More)
OBJECTIVE Plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels are inversely correlated with the risk of developing coronary heart disease. Hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) affects plasma HDL cholesterol levels, with estrogen increasing HDL cholesterol levels and progestins blunting this effect. This study was designed to assess the mechanism(More)
OBJECTIVE Extended-release niacin effectively lowers plasma TG levels and raises plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels, but the mechanisms responsible for these effects are unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the effects of extended-release niacin (2 g/d) and extended-release niacin (2 g/d) plus lovastatin (40 mg/d), relative to(More)
OBJECTIVE Pharmacological inhibition of the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) in humans increases high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (HDL-C) levels; however, its effects on apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) containing HDL subspecies, apoA-I turnover, and markers of reverse cholesterol transport are unknown. The present study was designed to(More)
This study was designed to establish the mechanism responsible for the increased apolipoprotein (apo) A-II levels caused by the cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibitor torcetrapib. Nineteen subjects with low HDL cholesterol (<40 mg/dl), nine of whom were also treated with 20 mg of atorvastatin daily, received placebo for 4 weeks, followed by 120 mg of(More)
The metabolism of apolipoproteins (apo)B-48, B-100, and A-I was studied with a primed constant infusion of deuterium-labeled leucine in the fed state in 3 male individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD), a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 28 to 57 mL/min/1.73 m2, obesity (body mass index [BMI] 33.1), and the metabolic syndrome. Compared to 5 obese(More)
The kinetics of apolipoproteins A-I and A-II were examined in human subjects using leucine tracers administered intravenously. High density lipoproteins were separated and apoA-I and A-II were isolated. The specific activity or enrichment data for these apolipoprotein were analyzed by mathematical compartmental modeling. In 11 of 14 subjects studied with a(More)
The effects of Therapeutic Lifestyle Change (TLC) diets, low and high in dietary fish, on apolipoprotein metabolism were examined. Subjects were provided with a Western diet for 6 weeks, followed by 24 weeks of either of two TLC diets (10/group). Apolipoprotein kinetics were determined in the fed state using stable isotope methods and compartmental modeling(More)