Margaret Palmer

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1. Stream ecosystems are increasingly impacted by multiple stressors that lead to a loss of sensitive species and an overall reduction in diversity. A dominant paradigm in ecological restoration is that increasing habitat heterogeneity (HH) promotes restoration of biodiversity. This paradigm is reflected in stream restoration projects through the common(More)
T he importance of rivers and streams for fresh water, food, and recreation is well known, yet there is increasing evidence that degradation of running waters is at an alltime high (1). More than one-third of the rivers in the United States are listed as impaired or polluted (2), and freshwater withdrawals in some regions are so extreme that some major(More)
Recent work has shown that benthic invertebrate assemblages may be influenced in an ongoing fashion by dispersal. Water-column movements of meiofauna, juvenile insects and marine postlarvae are common and can act to alter greatly local dynamics such as predator-prey and competitive interactions in marine and stream ecosystems. These findings are important(More)
Facilitation between species is thought to be a key mechanism by which biodiversity affects the rates of resource use that govern the efficiency and productivity of ecosystems; however, there is no direct empirical evidence to support this hypothesis. Here we show that increasing the species diversity of a functional group of aquatic organisms induces(More)
www.frontiersinecology.org © The Ecological Society of America C based on the perceived needs of ecosystems versus humans for fresh water are increasingly seen in the news. In the US, a fiery debate has erupted in the Klamath basin of Oregon and California, where farmers have protested the loss of irrigation water to protect endangered fish, and where over(More)
The urbanization of agricultural lands is currently one of the dominant patterns of land use change in developed countries. In the United States and parts of Europe, this has led to the implementation of agricultural land preservation programs and riparian protection and replanting efforts along urban streams. The ecological benefits of such programs for(More)
An ecological threshold is the point at which there is an abrupt change in an ecosystem quality, property or phenomenon, or where small changes in an environmental driver produce large responses in the ecosystem. Analysis of thresholds is complicated by nonlinear dynamics and by multiple factor controls that operate at diverse spatial and temporal scales.(More)
Despite expenditures of more than 1 billion dollars annually, there is little information available about project motivations, actions, and results for the vast majority of river restoration efforts. We performed confidential telephone interviews with 317 restoration project managers from across the United States with the goals of (1) assessing project(More)
Urban streams have been the focus of much research in recent years, but many questions about the mechanisms driving the urban stream syndrome remain unanswered. Identification of key research questions is an important step toward effective, efficient management of urban streams to meet societal goals. We developed a list of priority research questions by:(More)