Margaret O'Brien

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OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between paracetamol administration and skin blood flow (skBF) and blood pressure (BP) in critically ill patients treated for fever. DESIGN Prospective, observational study. SETTING Intensive care units of university teaching hospital. PATIENTS 29 adults (17 males and 12 females), aged 58±15 years treated with(More)
BACKGROUND Ghrelin is a 28-amino acid octanolyated peptide, synthesised primarily in the stomach. It stimulates growth hormone release, food intake and exhibits many other diverse effects. Our group have previously determined that ghrelin inhibited human contractility in vitro. The aim of this study therefore, was to investigate the expression of ghrelin,(More)
Abnormalities in the process of uterine muscle contractility during pregnancy and birth can have major clinical implications, including preterm labour, which is the single largest cause of maternal and prenatal mortality in the Western world and a major contributor to childhood developmental problems. In contrast, induction of labour may be necessary in(More)
BACKGROUND Preterm labour occurs in approximately 10% of pregnancies and is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality. However, the pathways involved in regulating contractility in normal and preterm labour are not fully elucidated. Our aim was to utilise a human myometrial contractility model to investigate the effect of a number of uterine specific(More)
The regulatory mechanisms underlying myometrial smooth muscle contractility during labor are poorly understood. The authors therefore investigated the transcriptional profile of the changes that occur in the human myometrium at term pregnancy when compared with that at labor. Microarray technology was used to identify differentially expressed genes in human(More)
Extensive tissue remodelling occurs in the human myometrium before, during and after parturition. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of two tissue remodelling molecules, matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) and alpha5 integrin (ITGA5) subunit in human myometrium, during pregnancy and labour. mRNA and protein were isolated from human(More)
BACKGROUND RHOGTPases play a significant role in modulating myometrial contractility in uterine smooth muscle. They are regulated by at least three families of proteins, RHO guanine nucleotide exchange factors (RHOGEFs), RHOGTPase-activating proteins (RHOGAPs) and RHO guanine nucleotide inhibitors (RHOGDIs). RHOGEFs activate RHOGTPases from the inactive(More)
The 'accuracy' of age, blood pressure, clinical features, duration and diabetes (ABCD(2)) scoring by non-stroke specialists referring patients to a daily Rapid Access Stroke Prevention (RASP) service is unclear, as is the accuracy of ABCD(2) scoring by trainee residents. In this prospective study, referrals were classified as 'confirmed TIAs' if the stroke(More)
Adult liver has a complex defence system that is critical in protection against infectious challenge. Its role in tumour surveillance is poorly understood. Because of its location, function and complex blood supply, the liver will be exposed to metastatic cells generated anywhere else in the body. Moreover, the role of the liver in detoxification can result(More)
The Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) invited a representative of the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) to its fifth workshop to present the Ecological Metadata Language (EML) metadata standard and its relationship to the Minimum Information about a Genome/Metagenome Sequence (MIGS/MIMS) and its implementation, the Genomic Contextual Data Markup(More)