Margaret N Shouse

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Reduced seizure incidence coupled with voluntary motor inhibition accompanied conditioned increases in the sensorimotor rhythm (SMR), a 12- 14 Hz rhythm appearing over rolandic cortex. Although SMR biofeedback training has been successfully applied to various forms of epilepsy in humans, its potential use in decreasing hyperactivity has been limited to a(More)
Enhanced voluntary motor inhibition regularly accompanies conditioned increases in the sensorimotor rhythm (SMR), a 12--14-Hz Rolandic EEG rhythm in cats.A similar rhythm, presumably SMR, has also been identified in the human EEG. The clinical effectiveness of SMR operant conditioning has been claimed for epilepsy, insomnia, and hyperkinesis concurrent with(More)
Transection, lesion and unit recording studies have localized rapid eye movement (REM) sleep mechanisms to the pons. Recent work has emphasized the role of pontine cholinergic cells, especially those of the pedunculopontine tegmentum (PPT). The present study differentiated REM sleep deficits associated with lesions of the PPT from other pontine regions(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe how the neural generators of different sleep components can provoke seizure discharge propagation during NREM sleep and can suppress it during REM sleep. METHODS Experimental manipulations of discrete physiological components were conducted in feline epilepsy models (n=64), mostly in the systemic penicillin epilepsy model of primary(More)
This report is a follow-up to a previous paper which described seizure rate changes with central cortical EEG feedback training in 8 poorly controlled epileptic subjects. Data examined here include associated training compliance and performance, sleep EEG spectra, clinical EEG and anticonvulsant blood levels. The study employed a double-cross-over, single(More)
This review article: (1) describes the circadian distribution of ictal and interictal events; (2) differentiates transitional arousal, non-rapid eye movement and rapid eye movement sleep components and their substrates; (3) suggests the means by which the neural generators of these seizure-prone vs. seizure-resistant sleep and arousal states modulate the(More)
We used microdialysis to determine extracellular concentrations of norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) before and during a 1-day amygdala kindling paradigm. Subjects were young cats (<1 year old; n=8; 6 female, 2 male). Consecutive 5-min samples (2 microl/min infusion rate) were obtained from left amygdala and ipsilateral locus ceruleus(More)
Sensorimotor electroencephalogram (EEG) frequencies in cats were evaluated with power spectral analysis before and after 3 doses of atropine sulfate. All doses of atropine tested caused enhanced EEG slow waves (0-7 Hz) and spindles (8-15 Hz) during waking immobility, and postdrug frequency profiles during slow-wave sleep and waking immobility were(More)
Kindling is traditionally viewed as a chronic, focal epilepsy model which consistently induces complex partial seizures from limbic structures in animals. This study revealed that primary or exceedingly rapid secondary generalized seizures could also be kindled when stimulation was applied to the lateral geniculate nucleus, a thalamic region involved in(More)
The present experiment attempted to clarify conflicting evidence on the relationship of sleep spindles to seizure activation. Seizure thresholds were calculated in minutes post-injection following IP administration of the convulsant drug monomethylhydrazine (MMH) to cats with lesions intended to alter the occurrence of spontaneous 12-15 c/sec sleep spindles(More)