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MOTIVATION Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) offers fast and reliable characterization of complex protein mixtures, but suffers from low sensitivity in protein identification. In a typical shotgun proteomics experiment, it is assumed that all proteins are equally likely to be present. However, there is often other information available, e.g. the probability(More)
The adaptor molecule SLAP and E3 ubiquitin ligase c-Cbl each regulate expression of T cell receptor (TCR)-CD3 on thymocytes. Here we provide genetic and biochemical evidence that both molecules function in the same pathway. TCR-CD3 expression was similar in the absence of SLAP and/or c-Cbl. SLAP and c-Cbl were found to interact, and their expression(More)
Src-like adaptor protein (SLAP) down-regulates expression of the T cell receptor (TCR)-CD3 complex during a specific stage of thymocyte development when the TCR repertoire is selected. Consequently, SLAP-/- thymocytes display alterations in thymocyte development. Here, we have studied the mechanism of SLAP function. We demonstrate that SLAP-deficient(More)
Src-like adapter proteins (SLAP and SLAP-2) constitute a family of proteins that are expressed in a variety of cell types but are studied most extensively in lymphocytes. They have been shown to associate with proximal components of the T-cell receptor (TCR) and B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling complexes. An interaction of SLAP with c-Cbl leads to the(More)
Since the identification of clathrin as a vesicular coat protein, numerous studies have contributed to our understanding of the role of clathrin and clathrin-mediated trafficking pathways in cell function. The budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, offers a wealth of highly developed approaches that have been applied to study clathrin-mediated trafficking(More)
The avidity of BCRs and TCRs influences signal strength during processes of lymphocyte development. Avidity is determined by both the intrinsic affinity for Ag and surface levels of the Ag receptor. The Src-like adaptor protein (SLAP) is a regulator of TCR levels on thymocytes, and its deficiency alters thymocyte development. We hypothesized that SLAP,(More)
Src-like adaptor protein (SLAP) and c-Cbl recently have been shown to cooperate in regulating T cell receptor (TCR) levels in developing T cells. SLAP also is expressed in developing B cells, and its deficiency leads to alterations in B cell receptor (BCR) levels and B cell development. Hence, we hypothesized that SLAP and c-Cbl may cooperate during B cell(More)
ABSTRACT So‡ware Product Lines (SPLs) have many features for customization. Œis raises the challenge to €nd good performing con€gurations for an anticipated workload. As SPL con€guration spaces are huge, it is infeasible to benchmark all con€gurations to €nd an optimal one. Prior work focused on building performance models to predict and optimize SPL(More)