Margaret Martini

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A total of 3879 samples of foodstuffs were examined for the presence of Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 (VTEC O157). The survey was conducted by 9 of the 10 Italian Veterinary Public Health Laboratories. Samples were collected between May 2000 and September 2001 in 14 regions and comprised 931 minced beef specimens and 2948 dairy products (DP)(More)
Cancer mortality from 1986 to 1992 was examined in a cohort of 4419 individuals who had been residing in an area of the municipality of Reggio Emilia, northern Italy, where tap water with unusually high selenium content was accidentally supplied. Mortality for all cancers was not significantly different, both in males and in females, from that expected(More)
OBJECTIVE While various weight-management approaches produce weight loss, they may differ in dietary quality. We monitored changes in nutrient intakes in overweight and obese subjects on three different weight-management programs. DESIGN Randomized clinical trial (pilot study) with two 12-week phases: phase 1, weekly counseling; phase 2, monitoring only.(More)
A seroepidemiological survey was carried out in cattle from an Apenninic area of the Emilia-Romagna Region, Italy, in order to assess the prevalence and to analyze the epidemiology of Coxiella burnetii infection. The complement fixation test was performed on 711 animals from 99 herds. The prevalence rate was 13.1% with respect to the herds and 4.4% with(More)
As with many clinical studies, trials using probiotics have shown clearly that some patients benefit from the treatment while others do not. For example if treatment with probiotics leads to 36% cure rate of diarrhea, why did the other 64% not have the same result? The issue is important for human and indeed experimental animal studies for two main reasons:(More)
We tested the usefulness of the National Health Service Databases for investigating the incidence of lymphoid malignancies in an Italian community. We analyzed hospital discharge data, drug prescription, pathologic records and death certificates to identify the new cases of Hodgkin's disease, non Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and acute and chronic(More)
The risk communication processes concerning atmospheric pollution and health effects in Modena, Reggio Emilia and Bologna, are described from the public health service point of view. The description includes the chronological developments, the principal events which influenced, or have been influenced by these risk communication processes, their most(More)
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is a relatively new technology developed in the early 80's, but introduced into the clinical practice only in the late 80's. Nowadays there is an increase in demand for EUS examinations and services, because this technique is more and more recognized as an important and integral part in the diagnostic and staging algorithm of(More)