Margaret-M McEwen

We don’t have enough information about this author to calculate their statistics. If you think this is an error let us know.
Learn More
This study was performed to determine if intraoperative local anesthesia improved control of postoperative pain after inguinal herniorrhaphy and to compare the effects of two commonly used local anesthetics on pain management. The Gate Control Theory of Pain formed the theoretical basis for this study. A retrospective nonexperimental study in an ex post(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of intravenous (IV) butorphanol on the cardiopulmonary system and on the bispectral index (BIS) in isoflurane-anesthetized alpacas. STUDY DESIGN Randomized, blinded cross-over experimental trial. ANIMALS Eight healthy, young (3 +/- 1 SD years) adult female alpacas weighing 64 +/- 9 SD kg. METHODS Alpacas were(More)
  • 1