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Cell-substratum adhesion strengths have been quantified using fibroblasts and glioma cells binding to two extracellular matrix proteins, fibronectin and tenascin. A centrifugal force-based adhesion assay was used for the adhesive strength measurements, and the corresponding morphology of the adhesions was visualized by interference reflection microscopy.(More)
The integrin alpha 6 beta 4, a receptor for members of the laminin family of basement membrane components, contributes to the function of epithelial cells and their oncogenically transformed derivatives. In our efforts to study alpha 6 beta 4-mediated functions in more detail and to assess the contribution of the beta 4 cytoplasmic domain in such functions,(More)
Leukocytes use the alpha 6 beta 1 integrin to adhere to laminin based on mAb inhibition and affinity chromatography studies. This adhesion requires leukocyte stimulation with either PMA or specific cytokines, a process that has been termed "inside-out" integrin signaling. In the present study, the involvement of alpha 6 integrin structural variants in this(More)
In this study, the putative laminin receptor function of the alpha 6 beta 4 integrin was assessed. For this purpose, we used a human cell line, referred to as clone A, that was derived from a highly invasive, colon adenocarcinoma. This cell line, which expresses the alpha 6 beta 4 integrin, adheres to the E8 and not to the P1 fragment of laminin. The(More)
The Mac-2 lectin (carbohydrate binding protein 35) is a soluble, 32- to 35-kDa phosphoprotein that binds galactose-containing glycoconjugates. We report here that the colonic epithelium is a major site of Mac-2 expression in vivo based on immunohistochemistry of human tissue specimens. In this epithelium, proliferating cells at the base of the crypts do not(More)
The induction of heat shock proteins in the myocardium has been suggested as a possible intervention to allow for enhanced cardioprotection. We have postulated that a brief period of retrograde hyperthermic perfusion would be sufficient to induce Hsp 70 mRNA and protein accumulation. To investigate this hypothesis, rat hearts (n = 45) were perfused at 37(More)
In this study, we used clone A, a human colon carcinoma cell line, to characterize those integrins that mediate colon carcinoma adhesion to laminin. Monoclonal antibodies specific for the human beta 1 subunit inhibited clone A adhesion to laminin. They also precipitated a complex of surface proteins that exhibited an electrophoretic behavior characteristic(More)
Superficial injury involving the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract heals by a process termed restitution that involves epithelial sheet movement into the damaged area. The forces that drive epithelial sheet movement are only partially understood, although it is known to involve changes in the morphology of cells bordering the damage, such as the(More)
Expression of the integrin alpha6beta4, a receptor for the laminin family of matrix proteins, has been correlated with the progression and metastatic potential of several different tumors, including colorectal carcinoma. For this reason, defining the mechanistic contribution of alpha6beta4 to the aggressive behavior of colorectal and other carcinoma cells(More)
The induction of heat shock proteins in the myocardium has been suggested as a possible intervention to allow for enhanced cardioprotection. We examined the cardioprotective effects of Hsp 70 induction in a clinically relevant model, in which a brief period of retrograde hyperthermic perfusion (42 degrees C) was applied for 15 min, only 5 min prior to(More)