Margaret M. Herning

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BACKGROUND Recent efforts to provide a consensus definition propose that sarcopenia be considered a clinical syndrome associated with the loss of both skeletal muscle mass and muscle function that occurs with aging. Validation of sarcopenia definitions that include both low muscle mass and poor muscle function is needed. METHODS In the population-based(More)
BACKGROUND This cohort of "late middle-aged" African Americans has an excess of disability. We aimed to determine associations of circulating cytokine receptors (sTNFR1, sTNFR2, and sIL-6R) and C-reactive protein (CRP) with disability, physical function, and body composition. METHODS Stratified sampling of two socioeconomically diverse strata of St Louis,(More)
BACKGROUND Poor muscle size and function (sarcopenia) have an important role in the age-associated disability process. However, no commonly accepted index of sarcopenia exists for use in epidemiological studies. METHODS A cohort of 998 community-dwelling African Americans 49-65 years' old at baseline was used to construct the short portable sarcopenia(More)
Although exercise has both physical and psychological benefits, most older adults do not exercise on a regular basis. Physical therapists need to explore ways to encourage sustained commitment. This article proposes that cognitive factors contribute to older adults inactivity and that the self regulation of exercise maintenance model is a means of promoting(More)
Health benefits associated with exercise are only obtained when exercise is maintained. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention on exercise behavior and physical outcomes in older adults. All participants were taught progressive flexibility, strength, and endurance exercises. The(More)
274 The African American health (AAh) project is a study of an urban group of African Americans of “late middleage.” This cohort has been shown to have dysphoric symptoms and health-related quality of life below that of U.S. national averages (1,2) and an excess of subclinical and frank disability (3). The reason for the poor level of performance in this(More)
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