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We used tracer and arteriovenous difference techniques in conscious dogs to determine the effect of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs) on net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU). The protocol included equilibration ([3-(3)H]glucose), basal, and two experimental periods (-120 to -30, -30 to 0, 0-120 [period 1], and 120-240 min [period 2], respectively). During(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin represses the expression of gluconeogenic genes at the mRNA level, but the hormone appears to have only weak inhibitory effects in vivo. The aims of this study were 1) to determine the maximal physiologic effect of insulin, 2) to determine the relative importance of its effects on gluconeogenic regulatory sites, and 3) to correlate those(More)
Insulin inhibits glucose production through both direct and indirect effects on the liver; however, considerable controversy exists regarding the relative importance of these effects. The first aim of this study was to determine which of these processes dominates the acute control of hepatic glucose production (HGP). Somatostatin and portal vein infusions(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the impact of a high-fat, high-fructose diet (HFFD; fat, 52%; fructose, 17%), in the presence of a partial (~65%) pancreatectomy (PPx), on the response of the liver and extrahepatic tissues to an orally administered, liquid mixed meal. Adult male dogs were fed either a nonpurified, canine control diet (CTR; fat, 26%;(More)
Whether serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) enhances net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) during glucose infusion was examined in conscious 42-h-fasted dogs, using arteriovenous difference and tracer ([3-(3)H]glucose) techniques. Experiments consisted of equilibration (-120 to -30 min), basal (-30 to 0 min), and experimental (0-390 min) periods. During the(More)
In rodents, acute brain insulin action reduces blood glucose levels by suppressing the expression of enzymes in the hepatic gluconeogenic pathway, thereby reducing gluconeogenesis and endogenous glucose production (EGP). Whether a similar mechanism is functional in large animals, including humans, is unknown. Here, we demonstrated that in canines,(More)
Whether glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 requires the hepatic portal vein to elicit its insulin secretion-independent effects on glucose disposal in vivo was assessed in conscious dogs using tracer and arteriovenous difference techniques. In study 1, six conscious overnight-fasted dogs underwent oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT) to determine target GLP-1(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin-mediated suppression of hepatic glucose production (HGP) is associated with sensitive intracellular signaling and molecular inhibition of gluconeogenic (GNG) enzyme mRNA expression. We determined, for the first time, the time course and relevance (to metabolic flux) of these molecular events during physiological hyperinsulinemia in vivo in(More)
Whether hyperinsulinemia is required for stimulation of net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) by a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) was examined in four groups of conscious 42-h-fasted dogs, using arteriovenous difference and tracer ([3-3H]glucose) techniques. Experiments consisted of equilibration (-120 to -30 min), basal (-30 to 0 min), and(More)
Portal glucose delivery enhances net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) relative to peripheral glucose delivery. We hypothesize that the sympathetic nervous system normally restrains NHGU, and portal glucose delivery relieves the inhibition. Two groups of 42-h-fasted conscious dogs were studied using arteriovenous difference techniques. Denervated dogs (DEN;(More)