Margaret Lautz

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We used tracer and arteriovenous difference techniques in conscious dogs to determine the effect of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs) on net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU). The protocol included equilibration ([3-(3)H]glucose), basal, and two experimental periods (-120 to -30, -30 to 0, 0-120 [period 1], and 120-240 min [period 2], respectively). During(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin-mediated suppression of hepatic glucose production (HGP) is associated with sensitive intracellular signaling and molecular inhibition of gluconeogenic (GNG) enzyme mRNA expression. We determined, for the first time, the time course and relevance (to metabolic flux) of these molecular events during physiological hyperinsulinemia in vivo in(More)
Whether serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) enhances net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) during glucose infusion was examined in conscious 42-h-fasted dogs, using arteriovenous difference and tracer ([3-(3)H]glucose) techniques. Experiments consisted of equilibration (-120 to -30 min), basal (-30 to 0 min), and experimental (0-390 min) periods. During the(More)
OBJECTIVE Insulin represses the expression of gluconeogenic genes at the mRNA level, but the hormone appears to have only weak inhibitory effects in vivo. The aims of this study were 1) to determine the maximal physiologic effect of insulin, 2) to determine the relative importance of its effects on gluconeogenic regulatory sites, and 3) to correlate those(More)
Insulin inhibits glucose production through both direct and indirect effects on the liver; however, considerable controversy exists regarding the relative importance of these effects. The first aim of this study was to determine which of these processes dominates the acute control of hepatic glucose production (HGP). Somatostatin and portal vein infusions(More)
Whether glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 requires the hepatic portal vein to elicit its insulin secretion-independent effects on glucose disposal in vivo was assessed in conscious dogs using tracer and arteriovenous difference techniques. In study 1, six conscious overnight-fasted dogs underwent oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT) to determine target GLP-1(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate the impact of a high-fat, high-fructose diet (HFFD; fat, 52%; fructose, 17%), in the presence of a partial (~65%) pancreatectomy (PPx), on the response of the liver and extrahepatic tissues to an orally administered, liquid mixed meal. Adult male dogs were fed either a nonpurified, canine control diet (CTR; fat, 26%;(More)
Intraportal delivery of serotonin enhanced net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) during a hyperinsulinemic hyperglycemic clamp, but serotonin elevated catecholamines and can cause gastrointestinal distress. We hypothesized that the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) fluvoxamine would enhance NHGU without side effects. Arteriovenous difference and(More)
In individuals with type 1 diabetes, hypoglycemia is a common consequence of overinsulinization. Under conditions of insulin-induced hypoglycemia, glucagon is the most important stimulus for hepatic glucose production. In contrast, during euglycemia, insulin potently inhibits glucagon's effect on the liver. The first aim of the present study was to(More)
The pancreas releases insulin in a pulsatile manner; however, studies assessing the liver's response to insulin have used constant infusion rates. Our aims were to determine whether the secretion pattern of insulin [continuous (CON) vs. pulsatile] in the presence of hyperglycemia 1) influences net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) and 2) entrains NHGU.(More)