Margaret L. Van Keuren

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The amyloid beta protein has been identified as an important component of both cerebrovascular amyloid and amyloid plaques of Alzheimer's disease and Down syndrome. A complementary DNA for the beta protein suggests that it derives from a larger protein expressed in a variety of tissues. Overexpression of the gene in brain tissue from fetuses with Down(More)
The mouse mutant mnd2 (motor neuron degeneration 2) exhibits muscle wasting, neurodegeneration, involution of the spleen and thymus, and death by 40 days of age. Degeneration of striatal neurons, with astrogliosis and microglia activation, begins at around 3 weeks of age, and other neurons are affected at later stages. Here we have identified the mnd2(More)
Development of a highly sensitive silver stain permits the characterization of trace cellular and body fluid proteins separated by the two-dimensional electrophoresis technique of O'Farrell. Many of the proteins detected by the silver stain in urine, spinal fluid, amniotic fluid, and cells were undetected with the widely used Coomassie blue stain. Trace(More)
We have characterized the structural rearrangements of a chromosome 21 that led to the de novo formation of a human ring chromosome 21 [r(21)]. Molecular cloning and chromosomal localization of the DNA regions flanking the ring junction provide evidence for a long arm to long arm fusion in formation of the r(21). In addition, the centromere and proximal(More)
We have used a panel of Chinese hamster X human somatic cell hybrids, each containing various portions of chromosome 21 as the only detectable human chromosome component, for regional mapping of cloned, chromosome 21-derived DNA sequences. Thirty unique and very low-repeat sequences were mapped to the short arm and three sections of the long arm. Three(More)
We describe the organization of the complex, interspersed 724 family of DNA sequences that is distributed in multiple copies about the pericentromeric region of human acrocentric chromosomes. 724 family members were isolated using an efficient recombination-based assay for nucleotide sequence homology to screen a human genomic library. Eight related but(More)
Adenine-requiring Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) auxotrophs of the complementation group Ade-I were hybridized with various human cells, and hybrids were isolated under selective conditions in which retention of the complementing gene on the human chromosome is necessary for survival. Ade-I cells are deficient in adenylosuccinase activity. This enzyme(More)