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Basal laminas are important sheets of specialized extracellular matrix that underlie and surround groups of cells, such as epithelia or endothelia, enabling the cells to orientate their basal/apical polarity and creating a microenvironment for them. Basal laminas can also individually encapsulate whole cells, such as muscle cells, thereby forming a(More)
The structures and mechanisms of activation of non-selective cation channels (NSCCs) are not well understood although NSCCs play important roles in the regulation of metabolism, ion transport, cell volume and cell shape. It has been proposed that TRP (transient receptor potential) proteins are the molecular correlates of some NSCCs. Using fura-2 and(More)
The major function of the ovary is to produce oocytes for fertilisation. Oocytes mature in follicles surrounded by nurturing granulosa cells and all are enclosed by a basal lamina. During growth, granulosa cells replicate and a large fluid-filled cavity (the antrum) develops in the centre. Only follicles that have enlarged to over 10 mm can ovulate in cows.(More)
At later stages of folliculogenesis, the mammalian ovarian follicle contains layers of epithelial granulosa cells surrounding an antral cavity. During follicle development granulosa cells replicate, secrete hormones and support the growth of the oocyte. In cattle, the follicle needs to grow > 10 mm in diameter to allow an oocyte to ovulate, following which(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study investigates the expression of transient receptor potential (TRPC) proteins in airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells in order to determine whether these proteins may be candidate molecular counterparts of plasma membrane Ca2+-permeable channels involved in the contraction of ASM. METHODS Expression of TRPC mRNA was detected using(More)
Repetitive waves of increased cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration play a central role in the process by which hormones regulate liver function. Maintenance of these Ca2+ waves requires Ca2+ inflow through store-operated Ca2+ channels. The properties and mechanism(s) of activation of these channels are not well understood. Store-operated Ca2+ channels (SOCs) in(More)
The process by which store-operated Ca2+ channels (SOCs) deliver Ca2+ to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the role of (Ca2++Mg2+)ATP-ases of the ER in the activation of SOCs in H4-IIE liver cells were investigated using cell lines stably transfected with apo-aequorin targeted to the cytoplasmic space or the ER. In order to measure the concentration of(More)
Using reverse transcriptase-PCR and Northern analysis, we have shown that the H4IIE cell line, derived from the Reuber H35 rat hepatoma, contains significant amounts of transcripts for the CaCh3 (neuroendocrine) and CaCh1 (skeletal muscle) L-type voltage-operated calcium channel alpha 1-subunits. Two of the CaCh3 transcripts have a 45 bp deletion in the(More)
During growth of antral ovarian follicles granulosa cells first become associated with a novel type of extracellular matrix, focimatrix, and at larger sizes follicles become either subordinate or dominant. To examine this, bovine subordinate (9.0+/-S.E.M. 0.4 mm; n=16), partially dominant (12.0+/-0.6 mm; n=18) and fully dominant (15.0+/-0.4 mm; n=14)(More)
Store-operated Ca2+ channels (SOCs) provide a major pathway for Ca2+ entry in non-excitable cells. SOCs in immortalized liver cells are highly selective for Ca2+ over other cations and are similar to well-studied Ca2+ release activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channels in haematopoietic cell lines. In the present work, employing H4IIE liver cells, we investigated fast(More)