Margaret K. Clark

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Low bone mineral density (BMD) is a major risk factor for development of osteoporosis; increasing evidence suggests that attainment and maintenance of peak bone mass as well as bone turnover and bone loss have strong genetic determinants. We examined the association of BMD levels and their change over a 3-year period, and polymorphisms of the estrogen(More)
In 1983/1984, a study of bone mass and fractures was begun in 827 women aged 20-80 years in three rural Iowa communities selected for the fluoride and calcium content of their community water supplies. The control community's water had a calcium content of 67 mg/liter and a fluoride content of 1 mg/liter. The higher-calcium community had water with a(More)
Radial bone mineral density (BMD) of 217 white women aged 22-54 years from a single rural community was evaluated in 1984 using single-photon absorptiometry. BMD was measured at a site one-third the distance from the wrist to the elbow, a site that represents predominantly cortical bone tissue. Most of these women (181; 83%) were reexamined 5 years later.(More)
If a patient with TMD has a coexisting rheumatic disorder, it may adversely affect the TMD symptoms and treatment outcome. A clinic that specializes in TMD treatment asked symptom-related questions of 104 patients with TMD, and a rheumatology clinic then performed rheumatologic evaluations. The authors review the results of the rheumatologic evaluations and(More)
Patterns of physical comorbidity among women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were explored using Michigan Medicaid claims data. PTSD-diagnosed women (n = 2,133) were compared with 14,948 randomly selected women in three health outcome areas: ICD-9 categories of disease, chronic conditions associated with sexual assault history in previous(More)
The purpose of this Position Paper is to review the published Black Box Warning regarding depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) and bone loss as it relates to adolescent girls. The scientific findings that prompted the Food and Drug Administration to issue the warning are reviewed and the following additional issues are considered: (1) likely low risk of(More)
OBJECTIVE In adults, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with adverse health outcomes and high medical utilization and cost. PTSD is twice as common in women and is associated with increased risk for a range of diseases, chronic conditions, and reproductive-health problems. Little is known about the health effects of PTSD in children. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare changes in bone mineral density (BMD) during 48 months between first-time depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) users, during use and after discontinuation, to controls. DESIGN Longitudinal study. SETTING Academic community. PATIENT(S) Women 18-35 years, newly initiating depot MPA (n = 178) and controls (n = 145) not using(More)
Epidemiologic studies of the relations between drinking-water fluoride levels and bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture are characterized by disparate conclusions and an absence of information about individual circulating fluoride levels. This study relates serum fluoride concentrations, which reflect individual fluoride exposures, to BMD and bone(More)
Occupational health nurses are at the forefront of obesity assessment and intervention and must be aware of potential inaccuracies of obesity measurement. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of obesity among a sample of 84 male police officers 22 to 63 years old and determine the accuracy of body mass index (BMI) in estimating obesity(More)