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Patterns of physical comorbidity among women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were explored using Michigan Medicaid claims data. PTSD-diagnosed women (n = 2,133) were compared with 14,948 randomly selected women in three health outcome areas: ICD-9 categories of disease, chronic conditions associated with sexual assault history in previous(More)
This study examined the association between occupational chemical and radiation exposures and risk of medically diagnosed infertility in 281 women compared with 216 fertile women. After adjustment for age and exposures that occurred before case/referent ascertainment, there was an increased risk of infertility among those women exposed to volatile organic(More)
OBJECTIVE In adults, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with adverse health outcomes and high medical utilization and cost. PTSD is twice as common in women and is associated with increased risk for a range of diseases, chronic conditions, and reproductive-health problems. Little is known about the health effects of PTSD in children. The(More)
Despite the value of emergency contraception (EC) in reducing unintended pregnancy, use in college women has not been widely studied. This exploratory descriptive study, using a web-based survey, described knowledge and use of EC in 2,007 college women and identified associations between selected personal characteristics and EC use. Most women (72.2%) knew(More)
Low bone mineral density (BMD) is a major risk factor for development of osteoporosis; increasing evidence suggests that attainment and maintenance of peak bone mass as well as bone turnover and bone loss have strong genetic determinants. We examined the association of BMD levels and their change over a 3-year period, and polymorphisms of the estrogen(More)
Radial bone mineral density (BMD) of 217 white women aged 22-54 years from a single rural community was evaluated in 1984 using single-photon absorptiometry. BMD was measured at a site one-third the distance from the wrist to the elbow, a site that represents predominantly cortical bone tissue. Most of these women (181; 83%) were reexamined 5 years later.(More)
Lifetime industrial and occupational histories of women with a medically-confirmed diagnosis of infertility (n = 281) were compared to a group of postpartum women (n = 216) for risks of infertility. Controlling for age of first pregnancy or self-report of infertility, date of outcome, cigarette use, and employment in other types of industries, women were at(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare longitudinal changes in weight, body fat, and ratio of central to peripheral fat mass among first-time depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) users to women using no hormonal contraception, and to evaluate user characteristics associated with that change. DESIGN Prospective longitudinal study. SUBJECTS Healthy women, aged 18-35 y,(More)
If a patient with TMD has a coexisting rheumatic disorder, it may adversely affect the TMD symptoms and treatment outcome. A clinic that specializes in TMD treatment asked symptom-related questions of 104 patients with TMD, and a rheumatology clinic then performed rheumatologic evaluations. The authors review the results of the rheumatologic evaluations and(More)
Understanding factors associated with more rapid bone mineral loss among aging women is important for establishing preventive strategies for intervention. This study reports factors associated with the 5-year change in radial bone mineral density (BMD) determined prospectively in 435 women aged 55-80 years at baseline. The baseline study included(More)