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Genetic evidence strongly supports the view that Abeta amyloid production is central to the cause of Alzheimer's disease. The kinetics, compartmentation, and form of Abeta and its temporal relation to the neurodegenerative process remain uncertain. The levels of soluble and insoluble Abeta were determined by using western blot techniques, and the findings(More)
A variant form of Alzheimer's disease (AD), in which spastic paraparesis (SP) precedes dementia, is characterised by large, noncored, weakly neuritic Abeta-amyloid plaques resembling cotton wool balls and is caused by genomic deletion of presenilin 1 exon 9. A pedigree with a 5.9 kb exon 9 deletion shows a phenotypic spectrum including subjects with typical(More)
BACKGROUND Criteria for mild cognitive impairment require objective evidence of a memory deficit but do not require objective evidence of memory decline. Application of these criteria may therefore result in the misclassification of older patients with memory decline as normal because their neuropsychological test performance at a single point in time may(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the prion protein gene (PRNP) are found in approximately 13 to 15% of persons classified as dying from a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy. Point and octapeptide repeat insert and deletion mutations are described in the open reading frame (ORF) of PRNP. The authors present a clinicopathologic study of a patient with a family(More)
We have analyzed the expression of Alzheimer's disease-associated presenilin 1 (PS1) in various neurodegenerative disorders. Western blotting identified PS1 N- and C-terminal fragments similarly in the cortex of controls, Parkinson, Huntington and schizophrenia subjects. Additional PS1 immunoreactive species of 42 and 46 kDa were present in six out of seven(More)
We have analysed the expression of a truncated variant presenilin 2 protein (PS2V) in frontal cortex from subjects with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and age-matched controls, and compared these results with cortex from bipolar disorder (BP), schizophrenia (SZ) and controls in a second brain bank collection. PS2V protein was detected as a 14 kDa species with(More)
Mutations in the presenilin 1 (PS1) gene are responsible for approximately 50% of early onset autosomal-dominant Alzheimer's disease cases. A PCR based mutation detection method, chemical cleavage of mismatch, was used to detect a novel PS1 mutation in the coding sequence of the PS1 gene. Sequencing confirmed a T to C transition altering a leucine to(More)
OBJECTIVE To ascertain all persons who developed a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) within Australia during the 30-year period 1970 to 1999 through a comprehensive national surveillance program and subject the group to detailed epidemiologic analysis. METHODS Cases were ascertained through reviews of morbidity separation coding data from all(More)
Through the Australian National Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Registry, 6 pathologically confirmed sporadic cases were recognized over a 13-year period in persons who had been long-term residents of a moderate-sized rural city, whereas the expected number was 0.923. An extensive investigation could not find any point-source or case-to-case transmission links.(More)
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