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The complete 2,343,479-bp genome sequence of the gram-negative, pathogenic oral bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis strain W83, a major contributor to periodontal disease, was determined. Whole-genome comparative analysis with other available complete genome sequences confirms the close relationship between the Cytophaga-Flavobacteria-Bacteroides (CFB)(More)
Little is known about how Porphyromonas gingivalis, a Gram-negative oral anaerobe, senses environmental changes, and how such information is transmitted to the cell. The production of P. gingivalis surface fimbriae is regulated by FimS-FimR, a two component signal transduction system. Expression of fimA, encoding the fimbrilin protein subunit of fimbriae,(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis is a Gram-negative, black pigmented oral anaerobe associated with adult periodontitis. The adherence of the bacterium to junctional epithelial cells is the first step in infection and colonization. The molecular mechanisms and genetics of colonization are, as yet, not well understood, although it has been demonstrated that P.(More)
Gingival epithelial cells are the primary barrier to infection by periodontal pathogens. The production of chemotactic cytokines, including interleukin-8 (IL-8), is one mechanism the host uses in response to infection. In this study it was found that both gingival and oral epithelial cells produced IL-8, but after infection with the periodontal pathogen(More)
Streptococcus mutans is the main pathogenic agent of dental caries. Glucosyltransferases (Gtfs) produced by these bacteria are important virulence factors because they catalyze the extracellular synthesis of glucans that are necessary for bacterial accumulation in the dental biofilm. The diversity of GtfB and GtfC isozymes was analyzed in 44 genotypes of S.(More)
Periodontitis is a biofilm-mediated disease. Porphyromonas gingivalis is an obligate anaerobe consistently associated with severe manifestations of this disease. As an opportunistic pathogen, the ability to proliferate within and disseminate from subgingival biofilm (plaque) is central to its virulence. Here, we report the isolation of a P. gingivalis(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis is one of the principal organisms associated with adult periodontitis. Bacterial surface proteins such as fimbriae and gingipain hemagglutinin domains have been implicated as adhesins that actuate colonization of epithelium lining the gingival sulcus. We investigated the genetics of P. gingivalis adhesion to monolayers of epithelial(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis is a gram-negative, black-pigmented, oral anaerobe strongly associated with adult periodontitis. Previous transposon mutagenesis studies with this organism were based on the Bacteroides transposon Tn4351. Characterization of Tn4351-disrupted genes by cloning has not been an efficient way to analyze large numbers of mutants and is(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis is a Gram-negative anaerobic bacterium associated with periodontal disease onset and progression. Genetic tools for the manipulation of bacterial genomes allow for in-depth mechanistic studies of metabolism, physiology, interspecies and host-pathogen interactions. Analysis of the essential genes, protein-coding sequences necessary(More)
The invasion of gingival epithelial cells by certain pathogenic periodontal bacteria may account for their presence within diseased gingival tissue. To dissect the initial steps of a potential invasion pathway for the periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis, laboratory and clinical bacterial isolates were tested for their interactions with a human(More)