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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pyogenic and tuberculous spondylitis can mimic malignancy. The purpose of this study was to deter mine the efficacy of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in differentiating spinal infection and malignancy. METHODS Fifty-one consecutive patients with suspected spinal infection or malignancy were enrolled in the study.(More)
OBJECTIVE The characteristics of intracranial tuberculoma on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are not well known. The authors reviewed the features of tuberculoma on CT scans and MRI. The authors also correlated the MRI characteristics on various pulse sequences with neuropathological findings. METHODS The charts of patients(More)
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine an optimal multiparametric MRI protocol for characterizing tumors of low versus high grade and differentiating tumors as T1 versus T2 for preoperative staging of bladder urothelial carcinoma. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Thirty-nine patients underwent MRI within 1 week before surgery. Three image(More)
PURPOSE To assess the feasibility of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of normal kidneys and the influence of hydration state. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten healthy volunteers underwent renal DTI after fasting for 12 hours and 4 hours, without fasting, and following water diuresis. Medullary and cortical apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the efficacy of diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) in differentiating recurrent tumor from chronic inflammation and fibrosis after cystectomy or transurethral resection of bladder cancer. METHODS Eleven patients with suspected tumor recurrence underwent pelvic DWI and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI at 3 months to 7 years following(More)
Patients with spinal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) have progressive or fluctuating neurological dysfunction because of hemorrhage, venous hypertension, vascular steal phenomenon, or mass effect from venous varicosity. Spinal AVM is classified into four types based on angiographic and operative findings. Conventional diagnostic methods include magnetic(More)
OBJECTIVE Gradient-echo pulse sequences can reduce imaging time and decrease motion artifacts. If gradient-echo pulse sequences are shown to be comparable to spin-echo sequences in MR imaging of the brain, then gradient-echo imaging can be valuable for examining critically ill, anxious, or uncooperative patients and can increase patient throughput. The(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are at risk for early bone loss, and demonstrate increased risks for vertebral fractures and kyphosis. A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial was conducted to assess the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of therapy with oral alendronate (FOSAMAX; Merck; Whitehouse Station, NJ) in adults with CF and low(More)
AIM To compare the efficacy of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and normalized ADC (nADC) for estimating the histological grade of vesical urothelial carcinoma and to identify an optimal reference for nADC calculation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty patients with histologically confirmed vesical urothelial carcinomas underwent preoperative(More)
PURPOSE To assess imaging features of granulocytic sarcoma (GS) in children with myelogenous leukemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospectively analyzed were radiographs, bone scintigrams, ultrasound (US) scans, computed tomography (CT) scans, and magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained in 30 patients with acute and one with chronic myelogenous leukemia. (More)