Margaret E. Graham

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PKC (protein kinase C) has been known for many years to modulate regulated exocytosis in a wide variety of cell types. In neurons and neuroendocrine cells, PKC regulates several different stages of the exocytotic process, suggesting that these multiple actions of PKC are mediated by phosphorylation of distinct protein targets. In recent years, a variety of(More)
Neuronal Ca2+ sensor 1 (NCS-1) is the mammalian homologue of the Ca2+-binding protein frequenin previously implicated in regulation of neurotransmission in Drosophila (Pongs, O., Lindemeier, J., Zhu, X. R., Theil, T., Endelkamp, D., Krah-Jentgens, I., Lambrecht, H.-G., Koch, K. W., Schwemer, J., Rivosecchi, R., Mallart, A., Galceran, J. , Canal, I., Barbas,(More)
Glutamate acting on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors controls a variety of aspects of neuronal plasticity in the adult and developing brain. This review summarizes its effects on developing cerebellar granule cells. The glutamatergic mossy fibre input to cerebellar granule cells exerts a neurotrophic effect on these cells during development. The(More)
Acute ethanol exposure affects the nervous system as a stimulant at low concentrations and as a depressant at higher concentrations, eventually resulting in motor dysfunction and uncoordination. A recent genetic study of two mouse strains with varying ethanol preference indicated a correlation with a polymorphism (D216N) in the synaptic protein Munc18-1.(More)
Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) enhances regulated exocytosis in neurons and most other secretory cells. To explore the molecular basis of this effect, known exocytotic proteins were screened for PKA substrates. Both cysteine string protein (CSP) and soluble NSF attachment protein-alpha (alpha-SNAP) were phosphorylated by PKA in vitro, but(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that the kinetics of release from single secretory vesicles can be regulated and that quantal size can be modified during fast kiss-and-run fusion. Multiple pathways for vesicle retrieval have been identified involving clathrin and dynamin. It has been unclear whether dynamin could participate in a fast kiss-and-run process to(More)
Assembly of the SNARE complex and its disassembly caused by the action of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF) attachment protein (SNAP) and NSF is crucial for the maintenance of vesicular traffic, including fusion of regulated exocytotic vesicles. Various other proteins may also have important roles in the processes leading to membrane fusion(More)
We have used carbon-fibre amperometry to examine the kinetics of individual secretory granule fusion/release events in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. Transfection with plasmids encoding the light chains of botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) was used to investigate the effects of cleavage of syntaxin or SNAP-25 on exocytosis. Expression of BoNT/C1 or BoNT/E(More)
nSec-1 (munc-18) is a mammalian homologue of proteins implicated in constitutive exocytosis in yeast and neurotransmission in Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila. Mutant phenotypes in these species suggest that nSec-1 is likely to be required for neurotransmission. Various other data have been interpreted as suggesting that nSec-1 could also be a negative(More)