Margaret E Burnett

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OBJECTIVE To address the inconsistency in the reported concordance of multiple sclerosis (MS) among twins by zygosity, sex, and latitude. METHODS Four hundred eighteen medically documented monozygotic (MZ) and 380 same-sex dizygotic (DZ) pairs were ascertained from 1980 to 1992 and followed. The study population was representative of twins with multiple(More)
The histological appearance of a meningioma is an important predictor of tumor behavior and is frequently a factor in decisions concerning therapy. The relationship between histological features and prognosis is formalized in grading schemes such as those published by the World Health Organization (WHO), most recently in 2007. Although the latest edition is(More)
Agonists of liver X receptors (LXR), members of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily, alter secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, suggesting potential antiinflammatory effects. A synthetic LXR agonist inhibited T-cell proliferation and cytokine release in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment of mice during induction of experimental autoimmune(More)
This study investigated the hypothesis that the duration of aerobic-based cycle exercise would affect the adaptations in substrate and metabolic regulation that occur in vastus lateralis in response to a short-term (10 day) training program. Healthy active but untrained males (n = 7) with a peak aerobic power ( $$ \dot{V}{\text{O}}_{{ 2 {\text{ peak}}}} $$(More)
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the CNS which is characterized by large mononuclear cell infiltration and significant demyelination. CXCL8 is a chemo-attractant for both neutrophils and monocytes and triggers their firm adhesion to endothelium. In this study, we demonstrate that serum CXCL8 and CXCL8 secretion from PBMCs are(More)
This study aimed at investigating the relative roles of the duration versus intensity of exercise on the metabolic adaptations in vastus lateralis to short-term (10 day) aerobic-based cycle training. Healthy males with a peak aerobic power ( $$ {\dot{\text{V}}\text{O}}_{{ 2 {\text{peak}}}} $$ ) of 46.0 ± 2.0 ml kg−1 min−1 were assigned to either a 30-min (n(More)
1. The effects of Na-free solutions (using Li, Tris, sucrose or Mg as Na substitutes) on the contractile responses, membrane depolarization and 42K efflux produced by carbachol in the smooth muscle of the guinea-pig taenia coli have been investigated. The effect of these Na-free solutions on intracellular ion content of the muscle has also been studied. 2.(More)
We performed in vitro microelectrode studies in the anconeus muscle biopsy of a 6-week-old infant intoxicated with Clostridium botulinum toxin B. The most striking abnormalities were the severe reduction of the endplate potential (EPP) quantal content and the marked variability of EPP latencies. The increased variability was often limited to a "single(More)
The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the recent developments in muscle physiology and biochemistry in general, and with respect to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) specifically. As a way of illustration, we have presented data on the remodeling that occurs in vastus lateralis in two patients with COPD (COPD #1, forced(More)
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