Margaret Dykeman

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Awareness of drug use in rural communities and small towns has been growing, but we know relatively little about the challenges injection drug users (IDUs) living in such places face in accessing harm reduction services. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 115 IDUs in urban and non-urban areas of Atlantic Canada. In many instances, geographic(More)
This paper discusses findings from a systematic review of literature pertaining to methadone maintenance in relation to the role of the nurse working in a general practice setting. Five electronic databases were searched for period of 2000-2008: Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Included studies were(More)
BACKGROUND This paper explores injection drug users' (IDUs) relationships with non-drug using family members in order to understand the potential opportunities for, and challenges to, having these family members provide harm reduction services (e.g., clean syringes). METHODS The qualitative data for this paper were drawn from a larger study of IDUs'(More)
In the context of consent, "voluntariness" refers to a patient's right to make health care choices free of any undue influence. However, a patient's freedom to make choices can be compromised by internal factors such as pain and by external factors such as force, coercion and manipulation. In exceptional circumstances--for example, involuntary admission to(More)
Interdisciplinary collaboration can be enhanced through an understanding of the challenges and needs associated with service provision. This study explores the experiences of 192 service providers, with additional comparisons of nurses and social workers. Service providers reported fear of contracting HIV, feeling helpless, problems getting up-to-date(More)
Nurses may have inadequate basic education and opportunities for continuing education in relation to HIV care. As well nurses may perpetuate and impose stigma. We developed, implemented and evaluated an educational intervention to reduce stigma and discrimination among nurses providing HIV care. The intervention used a mentorship model that brought(More)
There is presently an initiative in Canada to promote the role and implementation of nurse practitioners. Nurse practitioners have the ability to help close major gaps in our present healthcare system and thus improve healthcare services for Canadians. Answering the needs of our chronically ill population may be one of those gaps. Currently, only a small(More)
BACKGROUND For over 50 years, methadone has been prescribed to opioid-dependent individuals as a pharmacological approach for alleviating the symptoms of opioid withdrawal. However, individuals prescribed methadone sometimes require additional interventions (e.g., counseling) to further improve their health. This study undertook a realist synthesis of(More)
Evaluation is an essential process that permits assessing the effectiveness and efficiency of planned programs. In implementing a new nurse-managed Community Health Clinic targeting services for the homeless and underserved, the stakeholders considered an evaluation process integral to the planning stage of the clinic as a whole as well as of all the(More)
Although nurses make up the largest group of professionals working in th healthcare field, they are often left out of the decisions that shape the restructuring of healthcare in Canada. A feminist philosophy guided this qualitative study, conducted in New Brunswick, to gain an in-depth knowledge of the impact of restructuring on nurses working in all types(More)