Learn More
PURPOSE To compare two methods of teaching physical assessment, a traditional faculty-taught course and a course with components taught by specially trained standardized patients (SPs), with respect to students' performances and costs. METHOD Medical students in their second year and without preliminary course work in physical assessment were taught by(More)
BACKGROUND At most institutions, medical students learn communication skills through the use of standardized patients (SPs), but SPs are time and resource expensive. Virtual patients (VPs) may offer several advantages over SPs, but little data exist regarding the use of VPs in teaching communication skills. Therefore, we report our initial efforts to create(More)
This paper provides key insights into the construction and evaluation of interpersonal simulators¿systems that enable interpersonal interaction with virtual humans. Using an interpersonal simulator, two studies were conducted that compare interactions with a virtual human to interactions with a similar real human. The specific interpersonal scenario(More)
BACKGROUND The impetus for administering the 2nd-year Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) came from the great variability in student performance observed by 3rd-year clerkship directors. PURPOSE To document the effects of the OSCE on faculty teaching, student performance, and the curriculum over 9 years of administration of the examinations(More)
PURPOSE To measure students' competencies in evidence-based medicine (EBM) skills [clinical decision making using evidence from published literature (content) and in transmitting clinical information to patients (communication)] within the context of a performance-based examination (PBE). METHOD In 2002-03, under the direction of a Performance-Based(More)
Palmore's Facts on Aging Quizzes I and II and Facts on Aging Mental Health Quiz were administered as a single test to third-year medical students before and after their 6-week Community Health and Family Medicine clerkship. The clerkship experience contributed to a small improvement in students' knowledge about the aged, net bias scores decreased from pre-(More)
BACKGROUND Significant information exchange occurs between a doctor and patient through nonverbal communication such as gestures, body position, and eye gaze. In addition, empathy is an important trust-building element in a physician: patient relationship. Previous work validates the use of virtual patients (VP) to teach and assess content items related to(More)
BACKGROUND Most physicians fail to routinely screen patients for a history of sexual assault. PURPOSES This study aimed to gauge medical student support for routinely screening patients for a history of sexual assault, examine potential barriers to screening, and determine if attitudes can be changed through educational interventions. METHODS One(More)
A study of 314 medical students before and after a required third-year clerkship in family medicine explored relationships among exposure to the clerkship and changes in attitudes toward primary care. The survey instrument contained 29 statements distinguishing the philosophy of primary care from that of subspecialty-oriented medicine and asked students' to(More)