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IntroductioIl An intriguing feature of the adult brain is its capacity for structural and functional modification in response to external stimuli. This plasticity of the adult nervous system has been the focus of research efforts for decades. The historical antecedents of ideas about brain changes in relation to experiential factors can been traced back to(More)
  • M C Diamond
  • 2001
Before 1960, the brain was considered by scientists to be immutable, subject only to genetic control. In the early sixties, however, investigators were seriously speculating that environmental influences might be capable of altering brain structure. By 1964, two research laboratories proved that the morphology and chemistry or physiology of the brain could(More)
This paper is one of a series presenting right-left differences in the morphology of the rat forebrain, but this presentation differs from the previous ones by offering age-related changes in both sexes. Long-Evans rats were housed with the dam prior to weaning at 21 days of age and three to a cage thereafter. The ages of the animals studied were 6 to 7,(More)
Ten pairs of male Long-Evans rats living in nonenriched environments (3 rats per small cage) were transferred to either enriched environments (10 rats per large cage plus "toys") or nonenriched environments (2 rats per small cage) at 766 days of age. One hundred and thirty-eight days later, at 904 days of age, the cerebral cortical thickness from these(More)
We determined the concentration of cytosol estrogen receptors in the postnatal, developing right and left cerebral cortices of Long-Evans male or female rats 2 to 3, 7 to 8, 14 to 15, and 25 to 26 days of age. Under anesthesia, the rats were gonadectomized and 24 h later they were killed by decapitation, and the dorsal right and left cerebral cortices were(More)
This experiment studied cerebral cortical morphology in rats living in a crowded-enriched condition. Three groups of 60-day-old, male Long-Evans rats were divided accordingly: 12 rats, 3 per small cage (32 X 20 X 20 cm), standard colony condition; 12 rats in a single, large, enrichment cage with "toys" (70 X 70 X 45 cm), enriched condition; and 36 rats in a(More)