Margaret Conacher

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BACKGROUND A vaccine against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is in clinical trials. Up-to-date information on risk factors for EBV infection and infectious mononucleosis (IM) among young adults is required to inform a vaccination strategy. METHODS We carried out a prospective study on a cohort of university students. All EBV-seronegative students were(More)
Previous studies have shown that the antigen-specific T helper 2 (Th2) response induced by alum adjuvants is interleukin (IL)-4 independent. As a role for IL-18 in Th2 induction has recently been described, in addition to its role in enhancing Th1 responses, we have studied the Th2 response induced by ovalbumin (OVA) adsorbed to alum in wild-type and(More)
Transferring collagen-pulsed, bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DCs) into congenic DBA/1 recipient mice produced arthritis in joints adjacent to the site of DC transfer and could be inhibited by treatment with TNF antagonists. Disease was Ag specific, as transfer of control, unpulsed DCs, or DCs pulsed with OVA did not produce arthritis. In contrast to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether multiple sclerosis (MS) and infectious mononucleosis (IM) share common HLA associations. DESIGN A prospective cohort study was conducted from October 1, 1999, through September 30, 2003. SETTING University of Edinburgh Richard Verney Health Centre, Edinburgh, Scotland. PATIENTS Participants included 179 individuals who(More)
BACKGROUND Risk factors for primary infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and its subtypes have not been fully investigated. METHODS Questionnaires and serum samples from a total of 2006 students who entered Edinburgh University in 1999-2000 were analyzed to examine risk factors for EBV seropositivity, both overall and by EBV type. RESULTS The(More)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous human herpesvirus that persists in the body for life after primary infection. The primary site of EBV persistence is the memory B lymphocyte, but whether the virus initially infects naïve or memory B cells is still disputed. We have analyzed EBV infection in nine cases of X-linked hyper-immunoglobulin M (hyper-IgM)(More)
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