Margaret C. O'Brien

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BACKGROUND Preterm labour occurs in approximately 10% of pregnancies and is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality. However, the pathways involved in regulating contractility in normal and preterm labour are not fully elucidated. Our aim was to utilise a human myometrial contractility model to investigate the effect of a number of uterine specific(More)
The epithelial Na+ channel (alphabetagammaENaC) regulates salt and fluid homeostasis and blood pressure. Each ENaC subunit contains a PY motif (PPXY) that binds to the WW domains of Nedd4, a Hect family ubiquitin ligase containing 3-4 WW domains and usually a C2 domain. It has been proposed that Nedd4-2, but not Nedd4-1, isoforms can bind to and suppress(More)
BACKGROUND RHOGTPases play a significant role in modulating myometrial contractility in uterine smooth muscle. They are regulated by at least three families of proteins, RHO guanine nucleotide exchange factors (RHOGEFs), RHOGTPase-activating proteins (RHOGAPs) and RHO guanine nucleotide inhibitors (RHOGDIs). RHOGEFs activate RHOGTPases from the inactive(More)
As thrombin is proposed to be involved in stimulating myometrial contractility during labor and preterm labor, we aimed to investigate the expression of prothrombin (F7), the precursor of thrombin, its receptors, the protease-activated receptor (PAR) family (F2R, F2RL1, F2RL2, and F2RL3), and prothrombinase FGL2 in human myometrium during pregnancy and(More)
BACKGROUND Ghrelin is a 28-amino acid octanolyated peptide, synthesised primarily in the stomach. It stimulates growth hormone release, food intake and exhibits many other diverse effects. Our group have previously determined that ghrelin inhibited human contractility in vitro. The aim of this study therefore, was to investigate the expression of ghrelin,(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Pregnant women in Nigeria use plant preparations to facilitate childbirth and to reduce associated pain. The rationale for this is not known and requires pharmacological validation. AIM OF STUDY Obtain primary information regarding the traditional use of plants and analyze their uterine contractility at cellular level. (More)
Contractility of the myometrial smooth muscle cells during the estrous cycle and pregnancy is modulated by estrogen but the temporal expression of estrogen (relative to progesterone) and the type of contraction involved are distinctly different in pregnancy and estrous. This in vitro cell culture study investigated the global gene expression profile of(More)
Non-neuronal accessory cells of mouse dorsal root ganglion cultures secrete a complex that stimulates neurite outgrowth in neonatal sympathetic ganglion neurons. A monoclonal antibody that binds to these two cell types also immunoprecipitates neurite outgrowth complex from mouse conditioned medium and binds to mouse brain tissue. Genetic analysis of the(More)
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