Learn More
Receptor cells of the auditory and vestibular end organs of vertebrates acquire various types of potassium channels during development. Their expression and kinetics can differ along the tonotopic axis as well as in different cell types of the sensory epithelium. These variations can play a crucial role in modulating sensory transduction and cochlear(More)
The structural phenotype of neural connections in the auditory brainstem is sculpted by spontaneous and stimulus-induced neural activities during development. However, functional and molecular mechanisms of spontaneous action potentials (SAPs) in the developing cochlea are unknown. Additionally, it is unclear how regenerating hair cells establish their(More)
The large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK) channel and its β-subunit underlie tuning in non-mammalian sensory or hair cells, whereas in mammals its function is less clear. To gain insights into species differences and to reveal putative BK functions, we undertook a systems analysis of BK and BK-Associated Proteins (BKAPS) in the chicken cochlea and(More)
Maxi-K(+) (BK) channel diversity is attributed to alternative splicing in the kcnma1 gene. The resultant variants manifest themselves in different cell types, tissues, and functions, such as excitation, metabolism, and signaling. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed immunogold particle labeling of BK in apical and basal regions of inner and outer hair cells,(More)
A-type K(+) channels belonging to the Shal subfamily are found in various receptor and neuronal cells. Although their kinetics and cell surface expression are regulated by auxiliary subunits, little is known about the proteins that may interact with Kv4 during development. A yeast two-hybrid screening of a cDNA library made from the sensory epithelium of(More)
Owing to the multifaceted functions of the large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (BK), identification of protein-protein interactions is essential in determining BK regulation. A yeast two-hybrid screening of a cochlear cDNA library revealed a BK-ApoA1 interaction. Patch clamp recordings of excised membrane patches from transfected HEK293 cells(More)
Functional proteomics comprises a wide range of technologies for the identification of novel protein-protein interactions and biological markers. Studies of protein-protein interactions have gained from the development of techniques and technologies such as immunoprecipitation, preparative two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis for peptide mass(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Electrical activity in hair cells and neurons of the inner ear is necessary for the transduction and modulation of stimuli that impinge on the cochlea and vestibular endorgans of the inner ear. The underlying basis of this activity is pore-forming proteins in the membrane of excitable cells that allow the influx and efflux of(More)
Genomics has provided us with vast amounts of data and thus, the challenge to identify and characterize gene products. Proteomics analysis, using methods such as yeast two-hybrid screenings, isoelectric focusing, and mass spectroscopy, generate potentially useful information. To determine functional relationships between and among proteins, however, the(More)