Margaret C Frame

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We have determined the DNA sequence of the long unique region (UL) in the genome of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) strain 17. The UL sequence contained 107,943 residues and had a base composition of 66.9% G + C. Together with our previous work, this completes the sequence of HSV-1 DNA, giving a total genome length of 152,260 residues of base(More)
Focal-adhesion kinase (FAK) is an important mediator of growth-factor signalling, cell proliferation, cell survival and cell migration. Given that the development of malignancy is often associated with perturbations in these processes, it is not surprising that FAK activity is altered in cancer cells. Mouse models have shown that FAK is involved in tumour(More)
Considerable evidence now implicates elevated expression and/or activity of Src in cancer development. In cells, endogenous Src is switched from an inactive to an active state by a variety of mechanisms that simultaneously relieve constraints on the kinase and protein-interacting Src homology (SH) domains. As a result, Src is translocated to the cell(More)
Oncogenic forms of the non-receptor tyrosine kinase Src alter cell structure, in particular the actin cytoskeleton and the adhesion networks that control cell migration, and also transmit signals that regulate proliferation and cell survival. Recent work indicates that they do so by influencing the RhoA-ROCK pathway that controls contractile actin filament(More)
We have used a c-Src-GFP fusion protein to address the spatial control of Src activation and the nature of Src-associated intracellular structures during stimulus-induced transit to the membrane. Src is activated during transit, particularly in RhoB-containing cytoplasmic endosomes associated with the perinuclear recycling compartment. Knocking out RhoB or(More)
The oncoprotein v-Src and its cellular homologue (c-Src) are tyrosine kinases that modulate the actin cytoskeleton and cell adhesions. Through the concerted action of their protein-interaction and kinase domains, they are targeted to cell matrix integrin adhesions or cadherin-dependent junctions between epithelial cells, where they phosphorylate substrates(More)
Src tyrosine kinase expression and activity are elevated during colon cancer progression. How this contributes to the malignant phenotype is not fully understood. We show that in KM12C colon carcinoma cells, expression of kinase-deficient Src proteins (SrcMF and Src251) does not alter cell growth. Src kinase activity is required for turnover of cell-matrix(More)
TP53 mutation occurs in 50-75% of human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC) following an initiating activating mutation in the KRAS gene. These p53 mutations frequently result in expression of a stable protein, p53(R175H), rather than complete loss of protein expression. In this study we elucidate the functions of mutant p53 (Trp53(R172H)), compared to(More)
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a scaffold and tyrosine kinase protein that binds to itself and cellular partners through its four-point-one, ezrin, radixin, moesin (FERM) domain. Recent structural work reveals that regulatory protein partners convert auto-inhibited FAK into its active state by binding to its FERM domain. Further, the identity of FAK FERM(More)
Integrin engagement generates cellular signals leading to the recruitment of structural and signalling molecules which, in concert with rearrangements of the actin cytoskeleton, leads to the formation of focal adhesion complexes. Using antisera reactive either with total ERK or with phosphorylated/activated forms of ERK, in rat embryo fibroblasts and(More)