Margaret Alton

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OBJECTIVES Our objectives were to characterize by transesophageal echocardiography the normal appearance of the Starr-Edwards prosthetic heart valve and to compare the utility of transesophageal and transthoracic echocardiography in detection of valve abnormality. BACKGROUND The Starr-Edwards prosthetic heart valve, the first mechanical valve to be used,(More)
A daily dose of 20 mg of protriptyline can improve daytime arterial blood gas tensions in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Its usefulness is limited by anticholinergic side-effects. This study examined whether a daily dose of 10 mg of protriptyline improved daytime arterial oxygen tension (PaO2) and quality of life in patients with stable mild(More)
The dose-response effects of inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) and budesonide (BUD) administered b.i.d. with the aid of metered dose aerosols were studied in 128 patients (67 men and 61 women, mean age 53 years) suffering from asthma bronchiale. The study was designed as a multi-centre, double-blind, four-period cross-over study, followed by a(More)
Whether long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) improves quality of life in chronic hypoxaemia has been questioned. LTOT with an oxygen concentrator (C/C) and gas cylinders for ambulation is considered cumbersome compared to mobile liquid oxygen equipment (L). The hypothesis for this study was that LTOT with liquid oxygen treatment (L) improves patients'(More)
This randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, multicentre cross-over study compared the effects on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis of fluticasone propionate (750 microg twice daily given via the Diskus) and budesonide (800 microg twice daily given via the Turbuhaler). Two treatment periods of 2 weeks each were preceded by a 2-week run-in period(More)
Hard red wheat bran (HRWB) baked in a yeast-leavened bread was fed to 36 healthy young college women consuming a basal diet of traditional foods, which contained 15 +/- 3 g/d dietary fiber (DF). Three levels of HRWB were added supplying, respectively, 5.7, 17.1 and 28.5 g/d DF; an additional treatment group did not receive any HRWB. Fecal collections were(More)