Margaret A. Hughes

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The α-proteobacterium Wolbachia is probably the most prevalent, vertically transmitted symbiont on Earth. In contrast with its wide distribution in arthropods, Wolbachia is restricted to one family of animal-parasitic nematodes, the Onchocercidae. This includes filarial pathogens such as Onchocerca volvulus, the cause of human onchocerciasis, or river(More)
alpha-Hydroxynitrile lyase (HNL, acetone cyanohydrin lyase, EC 4.1.2.37) was purified to homogeneity from young leaves of the cyanogenic tropical crop plant cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz). The purified protein is a homo-trimer with a subunit relative molecular mass of 28,500 on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The active(More)
Six different putative UDP-glucose glucosyltransferase clones were isolated from a cassava cotyledon cDNA library probed with an Acc I-Bgl II restriction fragment from a UDP-glucose flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase from Antirrhinum majus. The heterologous probe contained a glucosyltransferase consensus signature amino acid sequence which was also present(More)
A cDNA clone (pBLT63) encoding a protein synthesis elongation factor 1 alpha (EF-1 alpha) was isolated from a low-temperature winter barley shoot meristem library by differential screening. The nucleotide sequence of the coding region of the low-temperature-induced barley gene shows very high homology with two EF-1 alpha plant genes from tomato and(More)
Hibernation is a seasonally entrained and profound phenotypic transition to conserve energy in winter. It involves significant biochemical reprogramming, although our understanding of the underpinning molecular events is fragmentary and selective. We have conducted a large-scale gene expression screen of the golden-mantled ground squirrel, Spermophilus(More)
We investigated the potential for the biochemical analysis of chronic wound fluid to predict healing using simple and widely available analytes in an out-patient clinic setting. Wound fluid was collected from 12 patients attending a leg ulcer clinic and analyzed for a variety of analytes, including lactate, total protein, and albumin. Twelve weeks after(More)
BACKGROUND Anopheles funestus is one of the major malaria vectors in Africa and yet there are few genomic tools available for this species compared to An. gambiae. To start to close this knowledge gap, we sequenced the An. funestus transcriptome using cDNA libraries developed from a pyrethroid resistant laboratory strain and a pyrethroid susceptible field(More)
For many highly mobile species, the marine environment presents few obvious barriers to gene flow. Even so, there is considerable diversity within and among species, referred to by some as the 'marine speciation paradox'. The recent and diverse radiation of delphinid cetaceans (dolphins) represents a good example of this. Delphinids are capable of extensive(More)
The coding sequence of the cyanogenic alpha-hydroxynitrile lyase gene of Manihot esculenta Crantz (cassava) was cloned in the plasmid vector pMal-c2 and expressed in Escherichia coli strain JM105. DNA sequencing showed that the recombinant plasmid contained the same sequence as the cDNA clone pHNL10. Peptide sequencing of the recombinant protein showed that(More)
The coding sequence of the mature cyanogenic beta-glucosidase (beta-glucoside glucohydrolase, EC 3.2.1.21; linamarase) was cloned into the vector pYX243 modified to contain the SUC2 yeast secretion signal sequence and expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The recombinant enzyme is active, glycosylated and showed similar stability to the plant protein.(More)