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Stroke incidence increases with age and this has been attributed to vascular factors. We show here that CNS white matter (WM) is intrinsically more vulnerable to ischemic injury in older animals and that the mechanisms of WM injury change as a function of age. The mouse optic nerve was used to study WM function. WM function in older animals (12 months) was(More)
The mammalian central nervous system (CNS) is generally believed to be completely dependent on the presence of oxygen (O(2)) to maintain energy levels necessary for excitability. However, previous studies on CNS white matter (WM) have shown that a large subset of CNS-myelinated axons of mice aged 4 to 6 weeks remains excitable in the absence of O(2). We(More)
OBJECTIVE Hypoglycemia is a common adverse event and can injure central nervous system (CNS) white matter (WM). We determined whether glutamate receptors were involved in hypoglycemic WM injury. METHODS Mouse optic nerves (MON), CNS WM tracts, were maintained at 37°C with oxygenated artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) containing 10mM glucose. Aglycemia(More)
UNLABELLED Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a robust neuroprotective phenomenon whereby brief ischemic exposure confers tolerance to a subsequent ischemic challenge. IPC has not been studied selectively in CNS white matter (WM), although stroke frequently involves WM. We determined whether IPC is present in WM and, if so, its mechanism. We delivered a(More)
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