Margaret A Divita

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Smoky coal contains polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and has been strongly implicated in etiology of lung cancer in Xuan Wei, China. While PAHs form bulky adducts in nuclear DNA, they have a 40-90-fold greater affinity for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). mtDNA content may increase to compensate for mtDNA damage. We conducted a population-based(More)
OBJECTIVE Benchmark data are provided for a national sample of patients who received inpatient rehabilitation for debility. DESIGN Patients with debility from 830 inpatient rehabilitation facilities in the United States contributing to the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation from 2000 to 2010 were examined. Demographic information (age, marital(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of comorbidities and complications on burn inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRF) outcomes. DESIGN A retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING Inpatient rehabilitation hospitals. PATIENTS A total of 4572 patients with a primary diagnosis of burn injury from the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation(More)
BACKGROUND Transfer to acute care from rehabilitation represents an interruption in a patient's recovery and a potential deficiency in quality of care. The objective of this study was to examine predictors of transfer to acute care in the inpatient burn rehabilitation population. METHODS Data are obtained from Uniform Data System for Medical(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to provide benchmarking information from a large national sample of patients receiving inpatient rehabilitation after a traumatic spinal cord injury. DESIGN This was an analysis of secondary data from 891 inpatient medical rehabilitation facilities in the United States that contributed traumatic spinal cord injury data to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide evidence of construct validity for the FIM instrument in the inpatient rehabilitation burn population. DESIGN Confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory were used to assess construct validity. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed on a 2-factor model of the FIM instrument and on a 6-subfactor model. Mokken scale(More)
RATIONALE There is little evidence for the efficacy of handwashing for prevention of influenza transmission in resource-poor settings. We tested the impact of intensive handwashing promotion on household transmission of influenza-like illness and influenza in rural Bangladesh. METHODS In 2009-10, we identified index case-patients with influenza-like(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine the predictors of discharge to acute care after inpatient rehabilitation in severely affected stroke patients. DESIGN This was a retrospective study using data from the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation (UDSMR) between 2008 and 2009. The main outcome variable was discharge location, which included(More)
A preliminary investigation of the burn rehabilitation population found a large variability of zero onset day frequency between facilities. Onset days is defined as the time from injury to inpatient rehabilitation admission; this variable has not been investigated in burn patients previously. This study explored if this finding was a facility-based(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to present yearly aggregated summaries of rehabilitation outcomes at admission, discharge, and follow-up from a national sample of patients receiving inpatient medical rehabilitation for stroke, traumatic brain injury, lower extremity fracture, lower extremity joint replacement, traumatic spinal cord injury, or debility.(More)