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Journals and Conferences
The effects of the shellfish toxin gymnodimine and its analogues (gymnodimine acetate, gymnodimine methyl carbonate and gymnodamine) on cellular viability were tested using the Neuro2a neuroblastoma cell line. Concentrations of toxins up to 10μM had variable effects on reducing cell number as determined using the MTT assay and no effects on the expression… (More)
In order to survive extremes of pH, temperature, salinity and pressure, organisms have been found to develop unique defences against their environment, leading to the biosynthesis of novel molecules ranging from simple osmolytes and lipids to complex secondary metabolites. This review highlights novel molecules isolated from microorganisms that either… (More)
[reaction: see text] Several dienes embedded in di- and tripeptides which incorporate proline have been prepared and subjected to ring-closing metathesis. Bicyclic peptides of well-defined amide geometry and of varying ring sizes were prepared. Several limitations of the cyclization step were revealed.
The N-terminal cleavage product of human insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in the brain is the tripeptide molecule Glypromate (Gly-Pro-Glu). Glypromate has demonstrated neuroprotective effects in numerous in vitro and in vivo models of brain injury and is in clinical trials for the prevention of cognitive impairment following cardiac surgery. NNZ-2566 is… (More)
Spirolides are metabolites of the dinoflagellates Alexandrium ostenfeldii and Alexandrium peruvianum. Spirolides (A–D) were isolated from the digestive glands of contaminated mussels (Mytilus edulis), scallops (Placopecten magellanicus) and toxic plankton from the east coast of Nova Scotia in Canada. Fourteen members of the spirolide family of marine… (More)
The Antarctic silverfish Pleuragramma antarcticum is a keystone species in the Ross Sea ecosystem, providing one of the major links between lower and higher trophic levels. Despite the importance of this species, surprisingly little is known of its early development and behaviour. Here, we determine the metabolic capacity of Pleuragramma embryonated eggs… (More)
The brain continues to remain an area where little corrective surgery can be performed. Recently, the ability to reverse some brain damage and perhaps prevent further damage has moved closer to hospitals and clinics. Several agents demonstrating neuroprotective properties and even neural regeneration have been developed to the extent that they have been… (More)
A review of the isolation, biological activity and synthesis of pyranonaphthoquinones and closely related compounds is provided.
Pramlintide (Symlin®), a synthetic analogue of the naturally occurring pancreatic hormone amylin, is currently used with insulin in adjunctive therapy for type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Herein we report a systematic study into the effect that N-glycosylation of pramlintide has on activation of amylin receptors. A highly efficient convergent synthetic… (More)