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OBJECTIVE Few studies are available on the effectiveness of screening tools such as the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) in pregnancy or the extent to which such tools may identify women with mental disorders other than depression. We therefore aimed to investigate the mental health characteristics of pregnant women who screen positive on the(More)
AIM This paper reports a study to describe changes in parents' distress after a family-centred intervention for sleep problems of infants. BACKGROUND Infant sleep problems are common and are related to depressive symptoms in mothers, but their impact on fathers has rarely been studied. Because childhood sleep problems and parental distress are associated,(More)
This article compares and describes changes in sleep problems in 3- to 5-year-old Icelandic children referred and unreferred for sleep problems in infancy and explores changes in parents' distress and the impact of children's sleep problems on families over time. The sample consisted of a clinical group (n = 31) that had been referred to a sleep-disorder(More)
This article describes help seeking and health care of mothers with a difficult infant who suffered long-term depressive symptoms and a high degree of parenting stress. A subsample of severely distressed mothers (n = 37) was recruited from a cross-sectional national survey and followed up 2 months later by a semi-structured telephone interview. The survey(More)
The purpose of this multicentre and quasi-experimental study is to evaluate the effect of a web-based course for community nurses in Iceland with regard to outcome of postpartum emotional distress. A sample of six community health centres was selected and equally divided into an experimental and a control group. All nurses at the experimental centres(More)
  • M. Thome
  • 2000
Objective: The aim of the survey was to investigate the prevalence of postpartum depressive symptoms among Icelandic women and the predictive capacity of parental stress and infant difficulty. Method: A sample of women (n = 734), 2–3 months after giving birth was studied by mailed questionnaires that included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS);(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a telephone intervention to reduce fatigue and the resulting symptom distress of mothers in Iceland who reported having a behaviourally difficult infant of 2-3 months of age. A sample of 78 mothers who reached distress criteria of depressive symptoms and parental stress was selected and randomly(More)
This study investigated whether postpartum depressive symptoms and parenting stress are related to exclusive breastfeeding in mothers at 2-3 months postpartum. Data were collected from 734 Icelandic mothers postpartum. Parenting stress, depressive symptoms, feeding methods and demographical data were assessed by self-administered questionnaires. A high(More)
PURPOSE To describe a family-centered intervention for sleep disturbed infants and its effect on the infants' sleep pattern. METHODS The sample consisted of 33 infants (6-23 month of age) hospitalized because of sleep problems in The City Hospital in Reykjavik, Iceland, and 33 mothers and 30 fathers. Infants' sleep patterns were assessed by a 1-week diary(More)
This study explores the duration and timing of day time waking periods required for sleep disturbed infants to improve day and night sleep. Seventy-nine sleep disturbed outpatients with day and night sleep problems were investigated before and two weeks after a brief sleep intervention. Data were collected by interviewing parents on their infants' day and(More)