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A simple and rapid bioassay using seeds of Lactuca sativa L. Grand Rapids has been developed for the detection of germination-enhancing compound(s) in plant-derived smoke extracts. This light-sensitive species germinates within 24 h in the dark at 20 or 25°C and shows responsiveness to smoke-derived extracts over a wide concentration range. For some seed(More)
  • M T Smith
  • 1985
Quinones are widespread in our environment, occurring both naturally and as pollutants. Human exposure to them is therefore extensive. Quinones also form an important class of toxic metabolites generated as a result of the metabolism of phenols and related compounds, including phenol itself, 1-naphthol, and diethylstilbestrol. The mechanisms by which(More)
The kidney, epididymis, and lungs are complex organs with considerable epithelial cell heterogeneity. This has limited the characterization of pathophysiological transport processes that are specific for each cell type in these epithelia. The purpose of the present study was to develop new tools to study cell-specific gene and protein expression in such(More)
Many synonyms for the cytokinin 6-(benzylamino)purine and its metabolites have arisen in the literature despite a 1970 IUPAC-IUB directive delimiting such nomenclature. Examples of symbols and abbreviations for some classes of this cytokinin are given. The reasons for this continued synonomy are attributed to difficulties associated with the IUPAC-IUB(More)
The sequence of 1267 nucleotides spanning the replication terminus, terC, of the Bacillus subtilis 168 chromosome has been determined. The site of arrest of the clockwise fork, which defines terC, has been localized to a 30-nucleotide portion (approximately) within this sequence. The arrest site occurs in an A + T-rich region between two open reading frames(More)
Alanine dehydrogenase (ALADH) from soybean nodule bacteriods was purified 184-fold with 14% yield, using ammonium sulfate precipitation, hydroxylapatite, gel filtration, ion exchange, and dye affinity chromatography. The subunit molecular weight was 43,000 and the native molecular weight was approximately 190,000, suggesting that ALADH is a tetramer. ALADH(More)
Failure of current chemotherapeutic agents to effectively treat human brain tumors has prompted the search for alternative regimens based on the inherent metabolic pathways of target cells. One way to accomplish this goal would be to design drugs in an inactive form, which upon entry into the cell would be transformed to a toxic metabolite by a naturally(More)
Gibberellic acid at concentrations of 10−5 M and 10−4 M delayed the senescence of cut carnation flowers, when applied continuously via the stem, to flowers between the closed brush and fully open stages of development. Older flowers with reflexed petals were unresponsive. Treatment with paclobutrazol, an inhibitor of GA biosynthesis, prevented tight buds(More)
Menadione (2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone) is a remarkably potent inhibitor of microsomal lipid peroxidation, effective at submicromolar concentrations. Its possible mechanism of action and the relationship between naphthoquinone structure and antioxidant activity were the topics of this investigation. In the microsomal lipid-peroxidizing system dependent on(More)
The first stage in termination of chromosome replication in Bacillus subtilis involves arrest of the clockwise fork at the inverted repeat region (IRR), comprising the opposed IRI and IRII sequences, adjacent to the upstream region of the rtp gene, which encodes the replication terminator protein RTP. RTP binds to IRI and IRII. The ability of the IRR and(More)