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Long-term survival after successful transplantation is limited by cardiovascular disease. We studied changes in arterial function in children after renal transplantation. We measured pulse-wave velocity (PWV) and the augmentation index (AIX) as estimated from central pulse-wave analysis in 36 patients with a functioning kidney transplant (mean age 14 ± 3.4(More)
Cytotoxic lymphocytes are important for immune responses against viral infections and cancer. They are able to kill target cells through the release of cytotoxic granules (CGs) without being harmed in the process. Because the lysosomal-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs) appear on the cell surface after CG exocytosis, we hypothesized that some of these(More)
The mechanisms underlying the modulation of Natural Killer (NK) cell functions by intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) are poorly understood. Using an ex vivo whole blood assay system we demonstrate that IVIg suppresses NK cell cytotoxicity. This was paralleled by IVIg-induced degranulation of CD56(bright), CD16(positive) NK cells, reduced expression of CD16(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells represent the first line of defense against transformed or virally infected cells. Upon triggering of activating receptors NK cells can respond by secreting cytokines such as interferon-gamma or tumor necrosis factor-alpha and by the release of cytotoxic granules, resulting in the lysis of susceptible target cells. The importance(More)
The E3 transcription unit of human adenoviruses (Ads) encodes immunomodulatory proteins. Interestingly, the size and composition of the E3 region differs considerably among Ad species, suggesting that distinct sets of immunomodulatory E3 proteins may influence their interaction with the human host and the disease pattern. However, to date, only common(More)
The immune system is essential to provide protection from infections and cancer. Disturbances in immune function can therefore directly affect the health of the affected individual. Many extrinsic and intrinsic factors such as exposure to chemicals, stress, nutrition and age have been reported to influence the immune system. These influences can affect(More)
2B4, NTB-A and CRACC are members of the recently defined family of SLAM-related receptors. Here we review the role of these receptors for the regulation of Natural Killer cell function and describe the current knowledge about the signal transduction of these receptors. Finally, we critically analyze some controversial data about the function of 2B4 in mouse(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphocytes that are important for early and effective immune responses against infections and cancer. In the last 40 years, many receptors, their corresponding ligands and signaling pathways that regulate NK cell functions have been identified. However, we now know that additional processes, such as NK cell education,(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are important effector cells of the innate immune system. Activation of NK cells results in their cytotoxic activity against locally attached target cells and leads to the secretion of cytokines. These activities are usually measured in purified NK cells or isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. In this unit, we describe a(More)