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Understanding the demographic history and genetic make-up of colonizing species is critical for inferring population sources and colonization routes. This is of main interest for designing accurate control measures in areas newly colonized by vector species of economically important pathogens. The biting midge Culicoides imicola is a major vector of(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is a global public health problem exacerbated by the HIV epidemic. Here we evaluate a candidate TB vaccine, MVA85A, in a Phase I study in HIV-infected adults in Senegal. 24 patients were enrolled: Group 1∶12, antiretroviral therapy (ART) naïve, adults, with CD4 counts >300 and HIV RNA load <100,000 copies/ml. Group 2∶12 adults, stable on(More)
Immune activation has been suggested to increase susceptibility to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmission, while at the same time it could be deemed essential for mounting an effective antiviral immune response. In this study, we compared levels of T cell activation between exposed seronegative (ESN) partners in HIV-1 discordant couples(More)
Postmastectomy lymphedema of the arm is frequently associated to different factors including axillary node involvement and local and regional treatment of breast cancer. Our aims was to identify risk factors of postmastectomy lymphedema. From a retrospective analysis of 735 breast cancers treated in our institute, we found 61 lymphedema of the arm. We then(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is a global public health problem exacerbated by the HIV epidemic. Here we evaluate a candidate TB vaccine, MVA85A, in a Phase I study in HIV-infected adults in Senegal. 24 patients were enrolled: Group 1:12, antiretroviral therapy (ART) naı̈ve, adults, with CD4 counts .300 and HIV RNA load ,100 000 copies/ml. Group 2:12 adults, stable on(More)
The identification of blood meal source of arthropod vector species contributes to the understanding of host-vector-pathogen interactions. The aim of the current work was to identify blood meal source in Culicoides biting midge species, biological vectors of internationally important arboviruses of livestock and equids, using a new ecological approach. We(More)
INTRODUCTION Osteogenesis imperfecta presents with a set of constitutional disorders of varying severity, genetically determined and characterized by an abnormal production of collagen and matrix of the bone leading to bone fragility responsible for multiple fractures and many skeletal deformities. The aim of our study was to analyze the clinical and(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine neonatal mortality factors at the paediatric surgeon service in Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital in Dakar. PATIENTS AND METHODS It is a retrospective study of 245 cases collected between January 1997 and December 2006 at the paediatric surgeon service, the surgery emergency and intensive care unit of Aristide Le Dantec(More)