Marek Zagulski

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The duplication of entire genomes has long been recognized as having great potential for evolutionary novelties, but the mechanisms underlying their resolution through gene loss are poorly understood. Here we show that in the unicellular eukaryote Paramecium tetraurelia, a ciliate, most of the nearly 40,000 genes arose through at least three successive(More)
RIA1 (YNL163c) is a quasi-essential gene that encodes a protein with strong similarities to elongation factors 2. Small C-terminal deletions in the protein lead to a severe growth defect. In the case of a 22-residue C-terminal deletion this can be suppressed by intragenic mutations in the RIA1 gene or dominant extragenic mutations in TIF6, which is thought(More)
In the framework of the EU genome-sequencing programmes, the complete DNA sequence of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome II (807 188 bp) has been determined. At present, this is the largest eukaryotic chromosome entirely sequenced. A total of 410 open reading frames (ORFs) were identified, covering 72% of the sequence. Similarity searches(More)
LAG1 is a longevity gene, the first such gene to be identified and cloned from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A close homolog of this gene, which we call LAC1, has been found in the yeast genome. We have cloned the human homolog of LAG1 with the ultimate goal of examining its possible function in human aging. In the process, we have also cloned a(More)
We report a random survey of 1 to 2% of the somatic genome of the free-living ciliate Paramecium tetraurelia by single-run sequencing of the ends of plasmid inserts. As in all ciliates, the germ line genome of Paramecium (100 to 200 Mb) is reproducibly rearranged at each sexual cycle to produce a somatic genome of expressed or potentially expressed genes,(More)
Paramecium, like other ciliates, remodels its entire germline genome at each sexual generation to produce a somatic genome stripped of transposons and other multicopy elements. The germline chromosomes are fragmented by a DNA elimination process that targets heterochromatin to give a reproducible set of some 200 linear molecules 50 kb to 1 Mb in size. These(More)
A consortium of laboratories undertook a pilot sequencing project to gain insight into the genome of Paramecium. Plasmid-end sequencing of DNA fragments from the somatic nucleus together with similarity searches identified 722 potential protein-coding genes. High gene density and uniform small intron size make random sequencing of somatic chromosomes a(More)
Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) mutants lacking CuZnSOD have been reported to be hypersensitive to hypertonic media and to show increased oxidative damage. This study demonstrates that hypertonic medium (containing 0.8 M NaCl) increases the generation of superoxide and other reactive species in yeast cells. Other sequelae of exposure to hypertonic medium(More)
In this study, we show that the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ORF YBR142w, which encodes a putative DEAD-box RNA helicase, corresponds to MAK5. The mak5-1 allele is deficient in the maintenance of the M1 dsRNA virus, resulting in a killer minus phenotype. This allele carries two mutations, G218D in the conserved ATPase A-motif and P618S in a non-conserved(More)
We have found previously that only a limited number of antioxidants are able to protect yeast cells against endogenous and exogenous oxidative stress. In search of factors determining this selectivity of antioxidant action we compared the ability of a set of antioxidants to: (i) protect a thiol-dependent enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) against(More)