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The locally most powerful (LMP) tests of the hypothesis H : 6 = 6Q against one-sided as well as two-sided alternatives are compared with several competitive tests, as the likelihood ratio tests, the Wald-type tests and the Rao score tests, for several distribution shapes and for location, shape and vector parameters. A simulation study confirms the(More)
The effects of lead, zinc, cadmium, arsenic and copper deposits on soil microbial parameters were investigated at a site exposed to contamination for over 200 years. Soil samples were collected in triplicates at 121 sites differing in contamination and soil organic carbon (SOC). Microbial biomass, respiration, dehydrogenase activity and metabolic quotient(More)
Members of the Actinobacteria are among the most important litter decomposers in soil. The site of a waterlogged deciduous forest with acidic soil was explored for actinobacteria because seasonality of litter inputs, temperature, and precipitation provided contrasting environmental conditions, particularly variation of organic matter quantity and quality.(More)
The geometry of the phosphodiester backbone was analyzed for 7739 dinucleotides from 447 selected crystal structures of naked and complexed DNA. Ten torsion angles of a near-dinucleotide unit have been studied by combining Fourier averaging and clustering. Besides the known variants of the A-, B- and Z-DNA forms, we have also identified combined A + B(More)
BACKGROUND Residual disease (RD) is an important prognostic factor in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Flow cytometry (FC)-based RD detection is easy to perform, but interpretation requires expert analysis due to individual differences among patients. PROCEDURE We focused at the design of standardized and reproducible RD monitoring in ALL. RD was(More)
We reconsider the existing kernel estimators for a copula function , as proposed in Gijbels and Mielniczuk [Comm. All of these estimators have as a drawback that they can suffer from a corner bias problem. A way to deal with this is to impose rather stringent conditions on the copula, outruling as such many classical families of copulas. In this paper, we(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate methods of HIV incidence determination are critically needed to monitor the epidemic and determine the population level impact of prevention trials. One such trial, Project Accept, a Phase III, community-randomized trial, evaluated the impact of enhanced, community-based voluntary counseling and testing on population-level HIV incidence.(More)
Plant and microbial community composition in connection with soil chemistry determines soil nutrient cycling. The study aimed at demonstrating links between plant and microbial communities and soil chemistry occurring among and within four sites: two pine forests with contrasting soil pH and two grasslands of dissimilar soil chemistry and vegetation. Soil(More)
Of major interest in statistics is the study of dependencies between variables. One way to model a dependence structure is through the copula function which is a mean to capture the dependence structure in the joint distribution of the variables. Association measures such as Kendall's tau or Spearman's rho can be expressed as functionals of the copula. The(More)
Actinomycetes are known for their secondary metabolites, which have been successfully used as drugs in human and veterinary medicines. However, information on the distribution of this group of Gram-positive bacteria in diverse ecosystems and a comprehension of their activities in ecosystem processes are still scarce. We have developed a 16S rRNA-based(More)