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INTRODUCTION Tracheostomy is one of the more commonly performed procedures in critically ill patients yet the optimal method of performing tracheostomies in this population remains to be established. The aim of this study was to systematically review and quantitatively synthesize all randomized clinical trials (RCTs), comparing elective percutaneous(More)
Patients admitted to an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) frequently have underlying cardiac dysfunction. Early interventions are sometimes difficult to initiate because of diagnostic uncertainty as to whether cardiac failure is present As B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been shown to be increased in cardiac dysfunction, we sought to demonstrate whether BNP(More)
Influenza A infection is a global disease that has been responsible for four pandemics over the last one hundred years. However, it remains poorly understood as to why some infected individuals succumb to life threatening complications whilst others recover and are relatively unaffected. Using gene-expression analysis of circulating leukocytes, here we show(More)
INTRODUCTION Reversible myocardial depression occurs early in severe sepsis and septic shock. The question of whether or not early ventricular depression or dilatation is associated with lower mortality in these patients remains controversial. Most studies on this topic were small in size and hence lacked statistical power to answer the question. This(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the confounding effects of age, gender, serum creatinine, and electrolyte concentrations on plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations in critically ill patients. DESIGN A prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING A 20-bed general intensive care unit of a tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS Patients were 121(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the changes in B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock and to investigate the value of B-type natriuretic peptide in predicting intensive care unit outcomes. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING General intensive care unit. PATIENTS Forty patients with severe sepsis(More)
To study gas exchange in the filter during continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF), an air-tight heated mixing chamber with adjustable CO2 supply was constructed and connected to a CVVHDF monitor. Bicarbonate-free crystalloid (Part 1) and packed red blood cell (Part 2) solutions were circulated at 150 ml x min(-1). Gas exchange expressed as(More)
INTRODUCTION Diagnosis of severe influenza pneumonia remains challenging because of a lack of correlation between the presence of influenza virus and clinical status. We conducted gene-expression profiling in the whole blood of critically ill patients to identify a gene signature that would allow clinicians to distinguish influenza infection from other(More)
There are no data available on the kinetics of blood concentrations of xenon during the wash-in phase of an inhalation anaesthesia aiming at 1 MAC end-expiratory concentration. Therefore, we anaesthetized eight pigs with continuous propofol and fentanyl and measured arterial, mixed venous and end-expiratory xenon concentrations by gas chromatography-mass(More)
Levosimendan is effective in the treatment of decompensated heart failure. The beneficial effects of a single dose of levosimendan last much longer than those of other inotropes. However, the exact duration of the beneficial effects is unknown. We prospectively determined the duration of the cardiac effects, as measured by echocardiography, of levosimendan(More)