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Transport of carnitine was studied with immortalized rat brain endothelial cells (RBE4), an in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier. The experiments on uptake and efflux through the luminal membrane excluded any involvement of choline and amino acids transporters, as well as that of glycoprotein P. Acetyl-, octanoylcarnitine, and betaine were without any(More)
Mitochondria from several tissues contain a potassium-specific channel similar to the ATP-regulated K+ (K ATP) channel of the plasma membrane. The mitochondrial channel shares with the plasma membrane K ATP channel the sensitivity to sulfonylurea derivatives and some other blockers as well as to channel openers of diverse chemical character. In contrast to(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects exerted by thiol-modifying reagents on themitochondrial sulfonylurea receptor. The thiol-oxidizing agents (timerosal and 5, 5'-dithio-bis(2-nitrobenzoic acid)) were found to produce a large inhibition (70% to 80%) of specific binding of [(3)H]glibenclamide to the beef heart mitochondrial membrane.(More)
We suggest that a dysregulation of energy metabolism in the brain of genetic absence epilepsy rats from Strasbourg (GAERS) could create a specific cerebral environment that would favor the expression of spike-and-wave discharges (SWD) in the thalamocortical loop, largely dependent on glutamatergic and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic neurotransmissions.(More)
The occurrence of absence seizures might be due to a disturbance of the balance between excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmissions in the thalamo-cortical loop. In this study, we explored the consequences of buffering the glutamate content of brain cells on the occurrence and duration of seizures in Genetic Absence Epilepsy Rats from Strasbourg (GAERS), a(More)
Branched-chain amino acids, and mainly leucine act as nitrogen donors in the cerebral glutamate-glutamine cycle, thereby reducing brain excitability. Rats equipped with cortical electrodes received 300 mg/kg of leucine, isoleucine, valine or the ketoacid of leucine, alpha-ketoisocaproate at 2 h before the induction of seizures by 40 mg/kg pentylenetetrazol.(More)
The transport of L-carnitine (4-N-trimethylammonium-3-hydroxybutyric acid) was studied with a primary culture of porcine brain capillary endothelial cells (BCEC) as an in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier. The measurements with suspended cells and cell monolayers allowed to distinguish a polarized transport phenomena. The part of the BCEC cells exposed(More)
The methodology proposed in this presentation consists in considering the stationary Pt-electrode of an electrocatalytic sensor aimed at glucose measurement together with the reference electrode as a "black box" for which a mathematical model is assumed. The model correlates selected features of the output signal to the concentration of glucose and of(More)