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Pseudoknot formation folds the 3' ends of many plant viral genomic RNAs into structures that resemble transfer RNA in global folding and in their reactivity to transfer RNA-specific proteins. The solution structure of the pseudoknotted T arm and acceptor arm of the transfer RNA-like structure of turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) was determined by nuclear(More)
The structure of an RNA hairpin containing a seven-nucleotide loop that is present in the self-cleaving sequence of hepatitis delta virus antigenomic RNA was determined by high resolution NMR spectroscopy. The loop, which is composed of only one purine and six pyrimidines, has a suprisingly stable structure, mainly supported by sugar hydroxyl hydrogen bonds(More)
The solution structure of an RNA-hairpin present in the pseudoknot, which is found at the 3'-terminus of turnip yellow mosaic virus genomic RNA, has been solved by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The loop, which contains the sequence 5'-GGGUCA-3', was found to be highly structured and, contrary to expectations, does not attain its stability through(More)
Hydrogenase from Chromatium vinosum contains 1 Ni, 11-12 Fe, and ca. 9 sulfides. EPR and Mössbauer studies of the enzyme prepared in four different oxidation states show that the enzyme contains two Fe4S4 and one Fe3S4 cluster. In the oxidized (2+) state, the Mössbauer parameters of the two Fe4S4 clusters are typical for this cluster type. Upon reduction,(More)
We discuss a possibility to construct high order methods on uniform or mildly graded grids for the numerical solution of linear Volterra integro-differential equations with weakly singular or other nonsmooth kernels. Using an integral equation reformulation of the initial value problem, we apply to it a smoothing transformation so that the exact solution of(More)
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