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Both earlier investigations and complete formulas of pet food for dogs show that professionally prepared pet food is based in 30% on the material of the plant origin. Our own investigations prove that animal feeding stuffs of the plant origin are very often vectors of many undesirable substances (including micotoxins) that are unfavourable for carnivores.(More)
The immunological, haematological and biochemical analyses of blood plasma in bitches with 50 days lasting induced zearalenone micotoxicosis were carried out. It can be indirectly suggested that the inhibition of the humoral reaction of the organism, stimulation of detoxification effect in the liver and decreased cellular answer took place.
Weather anomalies are the cause of the more and more frequent occurrence of the rezorcycyklic acid derivatives--zearalenone--in the fodders of the animal origin. This mycotoxine induces in the organism of gilts an oestrus-like condition. According to the latest reports the zearalenone derivatives were found in the human food-stuffs in the retail market. It(More)
Farm animals are at risk of exposure to zearalenone (ZEA) in feedstuffs, which may lead to aberrations in their reproductive development, thereby adversely affecting production outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of long-term (48 days), per os administration of low ZEA doses (50% [20 μg ZEA/kg body weight (bw)] and 100% [40 μg(More)
The immune system is one of the main toxicity targets of the T-2 toxin. In view of scant research data demonstrating the effect of T-2 on cellular and humoral responses in gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), this study set out to investigate the effects of chronic exposure to low doses of the T-2 toxin (200 microg T-2 toxin kg(-1) feed) on percentages of(More)
Fusarium spp. moulds are common in moderate climate regions of North America, Asia and Europe. They produce hepatotoxic and nephrotoxic mycotoxins, acting like estrogens, impairing hemopoesis and immunosuppressing. Actively dividing skin cells, lymphatic tissue, haemopoetic tissue and gastrointestinal tissue are the most sensitive for these trichothecenes(More)
Zearalenone (ZEA) is a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium. It evokes disruptions in sex cycle and changes in the morphology of the reproductive organs in pigs. The morphology and ultrastructure of the small intestine mucosa were assessed after the course of the experimental zearalenone mycotoxicosis. During the experiment, pigs were fed feed containing low(More)
Zearalenone is a mycotoxin widely occurring in cereals and animal feed, and it is associated with hyperestrogenism and other reprodutive disorders in animals. A new method of detoxication of feedstuffs involves alkaline hydrolysis of toxic macrolactone (1) (as well as model compounds (2a, 2b)). The method caused modification of zearalenone structure under(More)
  • M Gajecki
  • 2002
The main arguments, discussed by different international organizations, which confirm the significance of problems connected with the presence of zearalenone in animal feed materials and their influence on the safety of food materials are shown in this review article. The main world research trends focused on zearalenone, as undesirable substances, are also(More)