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OBJECTIVE Eradication of Helicobacter pylori is an important treatment strategy in peptic ulcer patients. Current regimens of eradication consist of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and two antibiotics. The principal enzyme involved in PPIs metabolism is CYP2C19, which exhibits an interindividual variability of activity, mainly due to genetic polymorphism. Two(More)
Recent reports have proven the importance of genetic factors and inflammation in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the current study, the frequency of NOD2/CARD15 gene variants (R702W, G908R, and L1007fsinsC) was examined in a group of 243 RA patients and 220 healthy controls. There were no statistically significant differences in(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) has been shown to possess potent immunoregulatory and antitumoral effects. We have evaluated the anti-oncogenic potential and the mechanisms of the antitumoral effect of in vivo adenovirus-mediated transfer of IL-12 gene in a murine model of colon cancer. AdCMVIL-12 was constructed to permit coordinated production of p40 and p35(More)
Intestinal transporters are crucial determinants in the oral absorption of many drugs. We therefore studied the mRNA expression (N = 33) and absolute protein content (N = 10) of clinically relevant transporters in healthy epithelium of the duodenum, the proximal and distal jejunum and ileum, and the ascending, transversal, descending, and sigmoidal colon of(More)
PURPOSE Thiopurine drugs have to be withdrawn in 10-30% of cases due to side effects, and it has been presented that genetic factors may be responsible for some of reported toxicity cases. Among polymorphic enzymes of thiopurines' metabolic pathway, thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) has been studied most extensively, and some recent studies point to(More)
Intestinal transporter proteins affect the oral bioavailability of many drugs in a significant manner. In order to estimate or predict their impact on oral drug absorption, data on their intestinal expression levels are needed. So far, predominantly mRNA expression data are available which are not necessarily correlated with the respective protein content.(More)
Digoxin, a drug of narrow therapeutic index, is a substrate for common transmembrane transporter, P-glycoprotein, encoded by ABCB1 ( MDR1 ) gene. It has been suggested that ABCB1 polymorphism, as well as co-administration of P-glycoprotein inhibitors, may influence digoxin bioavailability. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of ABCB1(More)
OBJECTIVE Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a multifactorial disease, with immunological, genetical as well as environmental factors being implicated in its pathogenesis. Treatment of RA is based mainly on drugs modulating the course of the disease, e.g. methotrexate (MTX) or sulfasalazine (SL). The MDR1 gene product, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), is probably one of(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is heavily implicated in the pathogenic process of Parkinson's disease. Varying capacity to detoxify radical oxygen species through induction of phase II antioxidant enzymes in substantia nigra may influence disease risk. Here, we hypothesize that variation in NFE2L2 and KEAP1, the genes encoding the two major regulators of the(More)
The MDR1 multidrug transporter is important in regulating environmental xenobiotics and hence may play a causative role in Parkinson's disease (PD). MDR1 haplotype comprising 2677 G > T/A and 3435 C > T may be protective against PD. Using a case control methodology, we investigated the association of MDR1 haplotypes (single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)(More)