Marek Droździk

Learn More
Eradication of Helicobacter pylori is an important treatment strategy in peptic ulcer patients. Current regimens of eradication consist of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and two antibiotics. The principal enzyme involved in PPIs metabolism is CYP2C19, which exhibits an interindividual variability of activity, mainly due to genetic polymorphism. Two alleles(More)
The P-glycoprotein, a product of MDR1 (multiple drug resistance 1) gene, is a membrane efflux pump localized in epithelial cells in the small and large intestine, a part of the gastrointestinal barrier that protects cells against xenobiotics from our diet, bacterial toxins, drugs and other biologically active compounds, possibly carcinogens. In the present(More)
INTRODUCTION Elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) concentration is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and its involvement in endothelial cell dysfunction is well established. However, the role of Hcy and folate in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) remains controversial. OBJECTIVES The study was aimed at evaluating the(More)
Intestinal transporters are crucial determinants in the oral absorption of many drugs. We therefore studied the mRNA expression (N = 33) and absolute protein content (N = 10) of clinically relevant transporters in healthy epithelium of the duodenum, the proximal and distal jejunum and ileum, and the ascending, transversal, descending, and sigmoidal colon of(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) are major determinants in the pharmacokinetics of most drugs on the market. To investigate their impact on intestinal and hepatic drug metabolism, we developed and validated quantification methods for nine CYP (CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, CYP3A4 and CYP3A5) and(More)
The MDR1 multidrug transporter is important in regulating environmental xenobiotics and hence may play a causative role in Parkinson's disease (PD). MDR1 haplotype comprising 2677 G > T/A and 3435 C > T may be protective against PD. Using a case control methodology, we investigated the association of MDR1 haplotypes (single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a transmembrane transporter playing an important role in drug efflux. There is growing evidence that P-gp activity may be related to haplotypes of MDR1 gene. In the current study, the frequencies of common functional polymorphisms in MDR1 gene (2677G > A,T and 3435C > T) were evaluated using PCR-RFLP and allele-specific(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease in which interleukin (IL)-10 plays an important role. There are, however, controversial reports that IL-10 promoter polymorphism may be an independent marker of susceptibility and severity of RA. The aim of the present study was to examine the IL-10 promoter polymorphism in patients with RA. We(More)
Oxidative stress is heavily implicated in the pathogenic process of Parkinson's disease. Varying capacity to detoxify radical oxygen species through induction of phase II antioxidant enzymes in substantia nigra may influence disease risk. Here, we hypothesize that variation in NFE2L2 and KEAP1, the genes encoding the two major regulators of the phase II(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a multifactorial disease, with immunological, genetical as well as environmental factors being implicated in its pathogenesis. Treatment of RA is based mainly on drugs modulating the course of the disease, e.g. methotrexate (MTX) or sulfasalazine (SL). The MDR1 gene product, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), is probably one of the most(More)