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Eradication of Helicobacter pylori is an important treatment strategy in peptic ulcer patients. Current regimens of eradication consist of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and two antibiotics. The principal enzyme involved in PPIs metabolism is CYP2C19, which exhibits an interindividual variability of activity, mainly due to genetic polymorphism. Two alleles(More)
The MDR1 multidrug transporter is important in regulating environmental xenobiotics and hence may play a causative role in Parkinson's disease (PD). MDR1 haplotype comprising 2677 G > T/A and 3435 C > T may be protective against PD. Using a case control methodology, we investigated the association of MDR1 haplotypes (single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)(More)
The P-glycoprotein, a product of MDR1 (multiple drug resistance 1) gene, is a membrane efflux pump localized in epithelial cells in the small and large intestine, a part of the gastrointestinal barrier that protects cells against xenobiotics from our diet, bacterial toxins, drugs and other biologically active compounds, possibly carcinogens. In the present(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a multifactorial disease, with immunological, genetical as well as environmental factors being implicated in its pathogenesis. Treatment of RA is based mainly on drugs modulating the course of the disease, e.g. methotrexate (MTX) or sulfasalazine (SL). The MDR1 gene product, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), is probably one of the most(More)
Intestinal transporters are crucial determinants in the oral absorption of many drugs. We therefore studied the mRNA expression (N = 33) and absolute protein content (N = 10) of clinically relevant transporters in healthy epithelium of the duodenum, the proximal and distal jejunum and ileum, and the ascending, transversal, descending, and sigmoidal colon of(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes and UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) are major determinants in the pharmacokinetics of most drugs on the market. To investigate their impact on intestinal and hepatic drug metabolism, we developed and validated quantification methods for nine CYP (CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, CYP3A4 and CYP3A5) and(More)
Recent reports have proven the importance of genetic factors and inflammation in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the current study, the frequency of NOD2/CARD15 gene variants (R702W, G908R, and L1007fsinsC) was examined in a group of 243 RA patients and 220 healthy controls. There were no statistically significant differences in(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease in which interleukin (IL)-10 plays an important role. There are, however, controversial reports that IL-10 promoter polymorphism may be an independent marker of susceptibility and severity of RA. The aim of the present study was to examine the IL-10 promoter polymorphism in patients with RA. We(More)
Thiopurine drugs have to be withdrawn in 10–30% of cases due to side effects, and it has been presented that genetic factors may be responsible for some of reported toxicity cases. Among polymorphic enzymes of thiopurines’ metabolic pathway, thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) has been studied most extensively, and some recent studies point to inosine(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) has been shown to possess potent immunoregulatory and antitumoral effects. We have evaluated the anti-oncogenic potential and the mechanisms of the antitumoral effect of in vivo adenovirus-mediated transfer of IL-12 gene in a murine model of colon cancer. AdCMVIL-12 was constructed to permit coordinated production of p40 and p35(More)