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Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) and vaccinia virus protein C10L share a VTXFYF motif, with X being Lys or Arg residue, respectively. Peptides of such sequence compete successfully with IL-1 for the cellular receptor. A pair of complementary peptides, based on the Siemion's hypothesis on the periodicity of the genetic code (QWLNIN and QWANIN), and(More)
Cyclolinopeptide A (CLA) is an immunosuppressive peptide of the sequence c-(-Leu-Ile-Ile-Leu-Val-Pro-Pro-Phe-Phe-), isolated from linseed. Since another cyclic, hydrophobic, immunosuppressive peptide, cyclosporin A, has potent antimalarial activity, CLA and a series of its analogues were synthesized on solid phase and tested for inhibition of the human(More)
Recently, ubiquitin was suggested as a promising anti-inflammatory protein therapeutic. We found that a peptide fragment corresponding to the ubiquitin(50-59) sequence (LEDGRTLSDY) possessed the immunosuppressive activity comparable with that of ubiquitin. CD and NMR spectroscopies were used to determine the conformational preferences of LEDGRTLSDY in(More)
Hymenistatin I (HS-I), a cyclic octapeptide [c-(-Pro-Pro-Tyr-Val-Pro-Leu-Ile-Ile-)], was synthesized by the solid-phase peptide synthesis method and examined for its immunosuppressive activity in the humoral and cellular immune responses. The peptide activity was tested on cell lines producing various cytokines. The results are compared with the activity of(More)
Isotope exchange at the histidine C2 atom of imidazole in D2O solution is well known to occur at a significantly slower rate than the exchange of amide protons. Analysis of the kinetics of this isotope-exchange reaction is proposed herein as a method of detecting histidine phosphorylation. This modification of His-containing peptides is challenging to(More)
The results of the investigation of immunosuppressive activity of cyclolinopeptide A (CLA--cyclic hydrophobic nonapeptide present in the linseeds) and its analogs are discussed. The results obtained for other natural cyclic peptides showing structural similarities with CLA (antamanide, cycloamanides, hymenistatin, hymenamides) are also reviewed. It results(More)
The central nervous system (CNS) and the immune system were for many years considered as two autonomous systems. Now, the reciprocal connections between them are generally recognized and very well documented. The links are realized mainly by various immuno- and neuropeptides. In the review the influence of the following immunopeptides on CNS is presented:(More)
Cyclolinopeptide A (CLA), a cyclic nonapeptide from linseed, possesses strong immunosuppressive and antimalarial activity along with the ability to inhibit cholate uptake into hepatocytes. The structure of the peptide was studied extensively in solution as well as in the solid state. It is postulated that both the Pro-Pro cis-amide bond and an(More)
The review presents three hypotheses concerning the amino acid complementarity: 1) the Mekler-Blalock antisense hypothesis; 2) the Root-Bernstein approach based on stereochemical complementarity of amino acids and anti-amino acids coded by anticodons read in parallel with the coding DNA strand; 3) Siemion hypothesis resulting from the periodicity of the(More)
Improving the sensitivity of detection and fragmentation of peptides to provide reliable sequencing of peptides is an important goal of mass spectrometric analysis. Peptides derivatized by bicyclic quaternary ammonium ionization tags: 1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (ABCO) or 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), are characterized by an increased detection(More)