Marek Baláž

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We studied the appearance of cognitive event-related potentials (ERPs) and event-related de/synchronizations (ERD/S) in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and globus pallidus internus (GPi). We particularly focused on the rare non-target (distractor) stimuli processing. ERPs and ERD/S in the alpha and beta frequency range were analyzed in seven Parkinson’s(More)
We studied whether the cognitive event-related potentials (ERP) in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) are modified by the modulation of the inferior frontal cortex (IFC) and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Eighteen patients with Parkinson’s disease who had been implanted with a deep brain(More)
The objective of our work was to find whether the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is directly involved in cognitive activities, specifically in executive functions. Ten patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease had P3 potentials recorded by externalized deep brain electrodes that were implanted in the STN or in its immediate vicinity. Two contacts of each(More)
The involvement of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in a broad spectrum of various non-motor functions - attention, executive functions, verbal learning and memory, verbal abstract reasoning, conflict resolution, and emotions - has been reported. The STN has an anatomically central position within the basal ganglia(BG)-thalamocortical motor, associative and(More)
BACKGROUND The cognitive role of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) remains largely unknown. METHODS/RESULTS A modified protocol with a dual task elicited local field event-related potentials (ERPs) within the STN. No generators of ERPs were elicited by the standard oddball protocol in the STN (at variance with recordings from the putamen, caudate and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of ropinirole on selected nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD), including anxiety, depressive symptoms, sleep disturbances/excessive daytime sleepiness, and sexual functions. METHODS Forty-four consecutive PD patients with or without motor complications (MC+ group and MC- group, respectively); 6-month prospective(More)
A total of 134 episodes of staphylococcal bacteremia (SBE) appearing among 9987 admissions, and 979 episodes of bacteremia in cancer patients within 5 years, were analyzed for risk factors, clinical course and outcome; 64 were monomicrobial and 70 polymicrobial. The most frequent risk factors were acute leukemia, catheter insertion, long-lasting(More)
BACKGROUND According to our studies, based on intracerebral recordings of cognitive Event Related Potentials (ERP), the cognitive activities in the the Basal Ganglia (BG) are organized in some way other than the well-known organization of the cortico-BG-thalamocortical circuits. PURPOSE The cognitive role of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) has been largely(More)
The modifications of electrophysiological activities of subthalamic nucleus (STN) by non-motor tasks, i.e. movement observation, emotional stimuli and impulse control, were reported repeatedly. Despite being a small structure, STN is apparently involved in a variety of functions. Based on our own electrophysiological recordings and results of other groups(More)
Cognitive adverse effects were reported after the deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the anterior nucleus of the thalamus (AN) in epilepsy. As the AN may have an influence on widespread neocortical networks, we hypothesized that the AN, in addition to its participation in memory processing, may also participate in cognitive activities linked with the frontal(More)