Marek A. Malicki

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The principle of operation of a simple, manually controlled Time Domain Reflectometer (TDR meter) for soil moisture measurements, which operates with a needle pulse of 300 ps rise-time, is described. A block diagram and constructions are also given. Construction of a switchless multiple sensor probe, having an inherent delay reference, is presented. Results(More)
Construction and operating characteristics of a TDR soil moisture miniprobe, that can be inserted through the wall of a metal cylinder, are shown. A laboratory stand for monitoring unsaturated water flow in undisturbed soil cores, involving a set of TDR miniprobes in combination with a set of minitensiometers, is described. This stand was used for frequent(More)
Dictyostelium intermediate repeat sequence 1 (DIRS-1) is the founding member of a poorly characterized class of retrotransposable elements that contain inverse long terminal repeats and tyrosine recombinase instead of DDE-type integrase enzymes. In Dictyostelium discoideum, DIRS-1 forms clusters that adopt the function of centromeres, rendering tight(More)
In spite of the great popularity of Ellenberg's Indicator Values (EIVs) in plant ecology, animal ecologists seldom use EIVs to address ecological questions. In this study we used EIVs to test their potential usefulness for the prediction of suitable habitat for pre-diapause larvae of the endangered butterfly species Euphydryas aurinia. Nine transects(More)
Transposable elements, identified in all eukaryotes, are mobile genetic units that can change their genomic position. Transposons usually employ an excision and reintegration mechanism, by which they change position, but not copy number. In contrast, retrotransposons amplify via RNA intermediates, increasing their genomic copy number. Hence, they represent(More)
The power factor of the soil electrical impedance was investigated for soils having different textures over a frequency range of 20 kHz–60 MHz. The measurements were carried out in laboratory conditions with different soil water and salinity levels. Within the frequency range of 1–3 MHz the power factor was not significantly affected by soil water contents(More)
Contribution of electrochemical polarization, occurring at the electrode-moist soil interface, to soil moisture sensor readings is discussed for two bare electrodes or for soil moisture blocks. A soil moisture sensor can be considered as an electrolytic cell, the electrical impedance of which is the resultant of several component subimpedances arising from(More)
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