Mareile Schramm

Learn More
Excessive entry of Ca2+ through the NMDA receptor is thought to be the major cause of glutamate toxicity in brain neurons. However, actual quantitation of the calcium overload has not been achieved. Here we show that the absolute amount of 45Ca2+ taken up via the NMDA receptor correlates quantitatively with the amount of acute cell death in cultured(More)
This study investigates the acoustic correlates of the distinction between primary and secondary stress in English in accented and unaccented morphologically complex words that are either left-prominent or right-prominent (e.g. "violate vs. vio"lation). In both accented and unaccented words, the position of primary and secondary stress significantly(More)
The life span of neonatal rat cerebellar granule cells, grown in basal minimal Eagle's medium containing 10% (vol/vol) fetal calf serum, was extended to 21-30 days by weekly supplementation with glucose. Addition of 1% fetal calf serum to the culture at 14 days killed 85% of the cells within 1 hr. This lethal effect could be prevented by the(More)
The adenylate cyclase system is composed of an activating hormone or neurotransmitter (H), its receptor (R), the guanosine triphosphate (GTP) binding protein (Gs), and the catalytic unit (C). The activation of the receptor R involves a transient change in conformation, from a loose binding of the neurotransmitter H to an extremely tight interaction, termed(More)
Calcium acting through the ionophore A-23187 caused massive K(+) release from rat parotid slices. The ionophore thus simulates the action of epinephrine on the alpha-adrenergic receptor in this system. The alpha-adrenergic and cholinergic receptors are, however, not involved in the action of the ionophore since phetolamine and atropine had no effect on the(More)
The insertion of newly synthesized protein molecules into the membrane of the secretory granule of the rat parotid gland was studied by in vivo labeling with [3-H]-proline and [3-H]leucine. 2 h after the injection of the amino acid into the rat, the membrane fraction isolated from the secretory granules was found to be highly labeled with proline but only(More)
Catecholamines cause rapid release of K(+) and formation of vacuoles in acinar gland cells. A high K(+) concentration in the medium bathing parotid gland slices prevents vacuole formation by epinephrine and facilitates the secretion of most of the exportable amylase. N(6)-monobutyryl 3':5'-cyclic AMP does not cause K(+) release and vacuole formation(More)
Rat brain cortical cells in primary culture were used to investigate long-term effects of opiates on endopeptidases acting on dynorphin peptides. Enzyme activity in the soluble fraction of the cells converted dynorphin B to Leu-enkephalin-Arg6 and to a lesser extent to Leu-enkephalin. Five day treatment with 10 microM morphine increased the conversion to(More)