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In this study, morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G), the major plasma and urinary metabolite of morphine, was shown to be a potent antagonist of morphine analgesia when administered to rats by the intra-cerebroventricular (i.c.v.) route. The antagonism of morphine analgesia was observed irrespective of whether i.c.v. M3G (2.5 or 3.0 micrograms) was administered 15(More)
Our previous studies in the Sprague-Dawley rat showed that the intrinsic antinociceptive effects of oxycodone are naloxone reversible in a manner analogous to morphine but that in contrast to morphine, oxycodone's antinociceptive effects have a rapid onset of maximum effect (approximately 5-7 min compared to 30-45 min for morphine), comprise one(More)
Our previous studies indicate that oxycodone is a putative kappa-opioid agonist, whereas morphine is a well documented micro-opioid agonist. Because there is limited information regarding the development of tolerance to oxycodone, this study was designed to 1) document the development of tolerance to the antinociceptive effects of chronically infused i.v.(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of pregabalin in combination with oxycodone or placebo, in patients with either postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) or painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN). After a 7-day washout period, 62 patients were randomized to(More)
1. The pharmacokinetics and oxidative metabolism of oxycodone were investigated following intravenous and oral administration in male and female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. 2. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-electrospray ionization (ESI)-tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS) was used to quantify plasma concentrations of oxycodone and its oxidative(More)
BACKGROUND Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a supportive therapy and its success depends on optimal drug therapy along with other supportive care. Emerging evidence suggests significant interactions between the drug and the device resulting in altered pharmacokinetics (PK) of vital drugs which may be further complicated by the PK changes that(More)
Neurotrophins (NTs) belong to a family of trophic factors that regulate the survival, growth and programmed cell death of neurons. In mammals, there are four structurally and functionally related NT proteins, viz. nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin 3 and neurotrophin 4. Most research on NTs to date has focussed(More)
All patients with oligodendrogliomas (554) from the repository of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology were retrospectively analyzed. The pathological diagnosis was confirmed in 323 patients and each case was graded according to a previously established grading system. The clinical features of these 323 verified cases of oligodendroglioma are presented,(More)
N-type calcium channels modulate the release of key pro-nociceptive neurotransmitters such as glutamate and substance P (SP) in the central nervous system. Considerable research interest has focused on the therapeutic potential of the peptidic omega-conopeptides, GVIA and MVIIA as novel analgesic agents, due to their potent inhibition of N-type calcium(More)
High-performance liquid chromatographic assays for propranolol and its major metabolites in plasma and breast milk are described. The breast milk/whole plasma ratios of propranolol in three lactating women were in the range of 0.33 to 1.65. The half-life of elimination of propranolol from breast milk was 6.5 +/- 3.4 h (mean +/- SD), which was significantly(More)