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An ever-growing volume of peer-reviewed publications speaks to the recent and rapid growth in both scope and understanding of exercise immunology. Indeed, more than 95% of all peer-reviewed publications in exercise immunology (currently >2, 200 publications using search terms "exercise" and "immune") have been published since the formation of the(More)
UNLABELLED The effects of exercise on the immune system has been shown to be dependent on the level of fitness of the subjects, the degree of intensity, and the duration of the exercise. A reduction in salivary IgA levels occurs after individual sessions of exercise. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between changes in(More)
The operating microscope is an integral part of many neurosurgery and otolaryngology procedures; the surgeon often uses the microscopic view for a large portion of the operation. Information from preoperative radiological images is often viewed only on X-ray films. The surgeon then has the difficult task of relating this information to the appearance of the(More)
This review focuses on studies of mucosal immunity in elite athletes and specifically addresses the role of mucosal immunity in respiratory illness and associations with the intensity, volume, and duration of exercise. Habitual exercise at an intense level can cause suppression of mucosal immune parameters. Salivary IgA and IgM concentrations decline(More)
We have developed a registration technique for combining magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) images of the skull base for use in surgical planning. The technique is based on user identification of point-like landmarks visible in both modalities. The combination of images involves a small amount of expert interaction, is relatively(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a three-dimensional image registration technique for planning skull base surgery, performing frameless image registration for stereotaxic neurosurgery, and staging nasopharyngeal carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS Computed tomographic (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) images from 35 patients were registered(More)
We present a system for surgical navigation using stereo overlays in the operating microscope aligned to the operative scene. This augmented reality system provides 3D information about nearby structures and offers a significant advancement over pointer-based guidance, which provides only the location of one point and requires the surgeon to look away from(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the optimum duration for the retention of 2% lignocaine gel intraurethrally as an anaesthetic for flexible cystoscopy in men. PATIENTS AND METHODS A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in two parts. Initially, the importance of duration was determined, i.e. whether pain relief was(More)
The role of airway inflammation in childhood asthma is not well defined, despite modern treatment approaches recommending potent anti-inflammatory therapy for an increasing number of children. In this study, induced sputum analysis was used to investigate the relationships among sputum inflammatory cells (eosinophils and mast cells), asthma symptoms, and(More)
Epidemiological studies found the incidence of SIDS among Indigenous groups such as Aboriginal Australians, New Zealand Maoris and Native Americans were significantly higher than those for non-Indigenous groups within the same countries. Among other groups such as Asian families in Britain, the incidence of SIDS has been lower than among groups of European(More)